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Chemical compositions and functional characteristics of Korean and imported pomegranate (Punica granatum L.)

국내산과 수입산 석류의 화학적 성분과 기능적 특성

  • Kim, Mi Sook (Food and Drug Analysis Division, Jeollanamdo Institute of Health and Environment) ;
  • Yun, Seol Hee (Food and Drug Analysis Division, Jeollanamdo Institute of Health and Environment) ;
  • Na, Hwan Sik (Food and Drug Analysis Division, Jeollanamdo Institute of Health and Environment) ;
  • Park, Hark Jae (Food and Drug Analysis Division, Jeollanamdo Institute of Health and Environment) ;
  • Choi, Gyeong Cheol (Food and Drug Analysis Division, Jeollanamdo Institute of Health and Environment) ;
  • Yang, Soo In (Food and Drug Analysis Division, Jeollanamdo Institute of Health and Environment) ;
  • Lee, Ji Heon (Food and Drug Analysis Division, Jeollanamdo Institute of Health and Environment)
  • 김미숙 (전라남도보건환경연구원 식품약품분석과) ;
  • 윤설희 (전라남도보건환경연구원 식품약품분석과) ;
  • 나환식 (전라남도보건환경연구원 식품약품분석과) ;
  • 박학재 (전라남도보건환경연구원 식품약품분석과) ;
  • 최경철 (전라남도보건환경연구원 식품약품분석과) ;
  • 양수인 (전라남도보건환경연구원 식품약품분석과) ;
  • 이지헌 (전라남도보건환경연구원 식품약품분석과)
  • Received : 2013.04.05
  • Accepted : 2013.06.17
  • Published : 2013.06.30

Abstract

In recent years, polyphenol-rich herbs, fruits and processed foods, which are made of plant origin, have attracted much attention due to their potential health benefits. Pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) is an important source of bioactive compounds and has been used to treat diseases because of its medicinal properties. This research was focused on characterizing Korea's national cultivar and a similar product from California, USA. To evaluate their bioactive compounds and pharmacological activities, their anti-oxidation and cancer inhibition properties, as well as their organic acid and free sugar contents, were investigated. The national cultivar had low total sugar and high organic acid contents, contrary to the imported product. The results showed that the peel of national cultivar had high polyphenol and ellagic acid contents compared to imported product. The free radical scavenging capacity was evaluated via 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and its positive correlation with the total polyphenol contents was found. The anti-cancer activity of methanol extracts revealed growth inhibition against the prostate cancer cell. These results signify that while pomegranate, national cultivar, is more sour than the imported product, its health benefits could be excellent. Also, the polyphenol compound content of the non-edible part (such as the peel and the seed) was higher than that of the juice. Thus, it is suggested that the byproduct of the juice extraction could be potentially used in other fields such as medicine or dietary agents.

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