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The Effects of Repeated Restraint Stress on the Rat Parotid Glands, Ultramicroscopical and Histochemical Study

구속 스트레스에 대한 백서 타액선 조직의 미세구조적, 조직화학적 변화

  • Yoon, In-Jong (Department of Orofacial Pain and Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, Kyung Hee University) ;
  • Kang, Soo-Kyung (Department of Orofacial Pain and Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, Kyung Hee University) ;
  • Auh, Q-Schick (Department of Orofacial Pain and Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, Kyung Hee University) ;
  • Chun, Yang-Hyun (Department of Orofacial Pain and Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, Kyung Hee University) ;
  • Hong, Jung-Pyo (Department of Orofacial Pain and Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, Kyung Hee University)
  • 윤인종 (경희대학교 치의학전문대학원 안면통증구강내과학교실) ;
  • 강수경 (경희대학교 치의학전문대학원 안면통증구강내과학교실) ;
  • 어규식 (경희대학교 치의학전문대학원 안면통증구강내과학교실) ;
  • 전양현 (경희대학교 치의학전문대학원 안면통증구강내과학교실) ;
  • 홍정표 (경희대학교 치의학전문대학원 안면통증구강내과학교실)
  • Received : 2013.05.03
  • Accepted : 2013.05.28
  • Published : 2013.06.30

Abstract

It has been known that saliva may affect the most of oral diseases. On the contrary, several systemic conditions may affect salivary flow and cause oral dryness and psychosocial stress especially may a crucial role in the etiology of hyposalivation and oral dryness. Many studies have focused on macroscopic effects of the stress on the salivary glands by autonomic response, but on the other hand it has hardly been reported on cellular microscopic effects of the stress on the salivary glands. Therefore, this study was performed to examine clusterin, a antiapoptotic and cytoprotective protein, in the parotid glands under restraint stress condition. For this study, 18 rats were divided into 3 groups; 1) 2 rats of group I were selected as a normal control. 2) 2 rats of group II, as a experimental control were placed in the restraint cone for 2 hours 3) 14 rats of group III were placed in the restraint cone for 2 hours once a day. The rats were sacrificed immediately(group II, as a experimental control), 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7 days after application of the stress and the both parotid glands were excised. Immunohistochemistry and electron microscopy were performed. The finding were as follows: 1. In parotid glands, repeated stress denaturalize the acinar cells, interacinous tissues and interacinous connective tissues were separated to individual acinar cells. After 4 days of experiment, there were lots of vacuoles and intercalated ducts. 2. In parotid glands, repeated stress make the rER which is in acinar cells swollen after 3 days of experiment and it was intensified to 4 days. After 5 days of experiment the edema got worse and degenerated. 3. In parotid glands, clusterin was reduced in ductal cell cytoplasm but in intercalated duct clusterin was slightly stained until 3 days prominently increased until 4 days and then decreased again after 5 days of experiment.

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