# The Relationship between Private Tutoring and Academic Achievement - An Application of a Multivariate Latent Growth Model -

Nam, Su-Jung

• Accepted : 2013.06.10
• Published : 2013.06.30
• 42 39

#### Abstract

The study examined how changes in time invested in private tutoring and academic achievement influenced each other through a multivariate latent growth model by using the data from the first to the third year presented in the KYPS. This study identifies not only how changes in the private tutoring experience exerted a direct influence on changes in academic achievement, but also measures what kind of changes in private tutoring and academic achievement had emerged over time. The detailed study results are as follows. First, the analysis of time invested in private tutoring showed that the higher the grades, the greater were the amount of time invested in private tutoring in the case of Korean language study. On the other hand, the results showed that in the case of English and mathematics, the higher the grades, the lesser was the amount of time invested in private tutoring. Second, private tutoring and academic achievement were all in a linear relationship. Third, it was shown that the time invested in private tutoring and academic achievement exerted a negative influence on each other according to the passage of time.

#### Keywords

private tutoring;academic achievement;multivariate latent growth model;longitudinal analysis;KYPS

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