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Study on the Influence of Distribution Lines to Parallel Inverter Systems Adopting the Droop Control Method

  • Zhang, Xuan (Dept. of Electronic Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University) ;
  • Liu, Jinjun (Dept. of Electronic Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University) ;
  • You, Zhiyuan (Dept. of Electronic Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University) ;
  • Liu, Ting (Dept. of Electronic Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University)
  • Received : 2012.10.31
  • Published : 2013.07.20

Abstract

This paper takes into account the influence of the different impedances of distribution lines on power distribution among inverters when the inverters are paralleled with the droop control method. The impact of distribution lines on the power distribution of inverters can be divided into two aspects. Firstly, since the distributed generators are in low voltage grids, there is resistive impedance in the distribution lines, which will cause control coupling and reduce system stability. The virtual negative resistive impedance of inverters is adopted in this paper to neutralize the resistive element of distribution lines and thus make the distribution line impedance purely inductive. Secondly, after solving the resistive impedance problem, the difference in the inductive impedance value of distribution lines due to the low density of distributed generators will cause an unequal share of reactive power. With regards to this problem, modification is put forward for the droop control strategy to share the reactive power equally. The feasibility of the design is validated by simulation and experimental results.

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