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Emissions of Air Pollutants and Greenhouse Gases from Aircraft Activities at the Small Scale Airports

국내 일반공항에서 항공기에 의한 대기오염물질과 온실가스의 배출량 산정 및 특성 분석

  • Shon, Zang-Ho (Department of Environmental Engineering, Dong-Eui University) ;
  • Song, Sang-Keun (Department of Earth and Marine Sciences, Jeju National University) ;
  • Yoon, Tae-Kyung (Department of Environmental Engineering, Dong-Eui University) ;
  • Lee, Gang-Choon (Department of Chemical Engineering, Dong-Eui University)
  • 손장호 (동의대학교 환경공학과) ;
  • 송상근 (제주대학교 해양과학대학 지구해양과학과) ;
  • 윤태경 (동의대학교 환경공학과) ;
  • 이강춘 (동의대학교 화학공학과)
  • Received : 2012.11.10
  • Accepted : 2013.03.18
  • Published : 2013.07.31

Abstract

Emissions of air pollutants and greenhouse gases (GHGs) from aircraft activities at 11 small-scale airports were investigated using the emissions and dispersion modeling system (EDMS) version 5.1.3 during the two year period of 2009~2010. The number of landing and take-off (LTO) at these airports was dominant for the aircraft type B737, accounting for more than 60% of the total LTOs. Out of the 11 small-scale airports, Gwangju (GJ, RKJJ) airport was the largest emitter of air pollutants and GHGs, whereas Yangyang (YY, RKNY) airport was the smallest emitter. The emissions of $NO_x$ and VOCs in 2010 at the 11 airports ranged from 1.9 to 83 ton/y and 0.1 to 17 ton/y, respectively. In 2010, the emissions of $CO_2$ ranged from 394 to 21,217 ton/y. The emissions of most air pollutants (except for $NO_x$ and $PM_{10}$) and GHGs were estimated to be the highest in taxi-out mode. The highest emissions of $NO_x$ and $PM_{10}$ were emitted from climb-out and approach modes, respectively. In addition, the total LTOs at the 11 small-scale airports accounted for the range of 9.3~9.9% of those at four major international airports in Korea. The total emissions of air pollutants and GHGs at the 11 airports ranged from 4.8 to 12% of those at the four major airports.

Keywords

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 동의대학교

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