A Study on the Planning of 119 Rescue Centers in Interior Design - Focus on the newly-built constructions since 2008 -

119 안전센터 공간계획에 관한 기초적 연구 - 2008년 이후의 재건축 및 신축건물을 중심으로 -

  • 김성주 (건국대학교 건축전문대학원 실내건축설계전공) ;
  • 김문덕 (건국대학교 디자인조형대학)
  • Received : 2012.12.28
  • Accepted : 2013.02.08
  • Published : 2013.02.28


Due to recent change in fire stations, this study aims to propose improved directions for planning of 119 rescue centers through its analysis of spatial organization and characteristics by functional area based in case studies of new-design centers. The Korean 119 rescue centers have changed in terms of function and roles in line with the flow of changing social environments, so it has been required to give new spatial change to these centers. It's meant in this study to classify compulsory special service spaces for the 119 rescue centers by domain and to suggest design guidelines for each type of spaces. Eight case of recue centers that were newly built in and after 2008 were selected and analyzed to serve the purpose. Finally, the results of this study were as followed: First, each of the rescue centers is divided into several domain depending on the type of work, and there are meaningful characteristics in the vertical and horizontal spatial layout of the individual spaces. Second, there are specific differences among the spaces in the spatial occupation percentage. The percentage of the space for community service is obviously lower in the 119 rescue centers in Seoul than in Incheon. Third, the domain classification criteria of this study are selected based on earlier studies, and another space for community service is newly added as a result of making a case study.


119 rescue center;Function;Spatial Organization


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