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The Relationship of Cheongsanbyeolgok in Goryeo Dynasty and Gangbo in Joseon Dysnaty

고려 <청산별곡>과 조선 <강보>의 관계

  • Received : 2013.06.21
  • Accepted : 2013.09.12
  • Published : 2013.09.28

Abstract

Chongsanbyeolgok is one of Goryeo songs which might be composed in Goryeo dynasty, the composer of which is not known as well as other Goryeo songs. Balsang songs is structured with eleven songs that has been composed newly by King Sejong in Joseon Dynasty for using at Jongmyo (royal ancestral shrine), Johoe (royal audiences), performance, Gangbo is one of 11 songs in Balsang. In Sejongsillok, it is written that Balsang was composed by taking the melody and rhythm of gochwiak (processional music) or hyangak. Thus, it is interesting to know how gochwiak and hyangak, especially Chongsanbyeolgok affected structure and rhythm of Gangbo. As an analytical result of Gangbo and Chongsanbyeolgok, Gangbo consisted of 48 Haeng(line) repeated Chongsanbyeolgok's melody (10 Haeng) by three times. That is, 1-16, 17-32, and 33-48 Haeng of Gangbo excerpted from Cheongsanbyeolgok's melody, and those melodies of Gangbo are same or similar to Chongsanbyeolgok. In this report, Gangbo, one of Balsang's musics in Jos대n Dynasty is proven to be excerpted from the melody of Chongsanbyeolgok in Goryeo Dynasty and repeated.

Keywords

Balsang;Gangbo;Cheongsanbyeolgok;Sejongsillok-akbo;Siyonghyang-akbo

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