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Differences in Adolescent Athletes' Perceived Autonomy-Support Coaching Behaviors and Social Behaviors by Gender and Sport Career

청소년 운동선수의 성별과 경력에 따른 지각된 코칭행동과 사회적 행동의 차이

  • 이경선 (용인대학교 교육대학원)
  • Received : 2013.08.12
  • Accepted : 2013.08.30
  • Published : 2013.09.28

Abstract

This study investigated whether adolescents' perception s of coaching behavior and social behaviors differ by gender and sport career, and examined the relationships among these variables. Subjects were 740 high school athletes (516 males, 224 females). Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, correlation, and 2(gender)${\times}3$(sport career) MANOVA. Results of MANOVA indicated that the interaction between gender and sport career significantly influenced to the level of prosocial behaviors on opponents. Male athletes perceived their coaches' behaviors more controlled and showed higher antisocial behaviors to opponents than female athletes. Athletes with low sport career reported higher antisocial behaviors on opponents than those with high careers. Autonomy-supportive coaching behaviors were positively associated with prosocial behaviors, but negatively related with antisocial behaviors. Controlled coaching behaviors were positively associated with antisocial behaviors.

Keywords

Adolescent Athletes;Self-Determination Theory;Coaching Behaviors;Social behaviors

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