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A Study on Harmonic Resonance in a DFIG Wind Turbine-generator Connected to a Distribution Power Line

DFIG 풍력발전기가 연계된 배전선로의 고조파 공진 특성에 관한 연구

  • Choi, Hyung-Joo (Korea Midland Power CO. Ltd., Dept. Eng., Chung-Nam National University) ;
  • Lee, Heung-Ho (Dept. Eng., Chung-Nam National University)
  • Received : 2012.11.04
  • Accepted : 2013.09.24
  • Published : 2013.10.01

Abstract

There were telecommunication noise and malfunctions of the electronic devices occurred over a wide area due to the high harmonic voltage and/or current levels of the Back-to-back converter in the DFIG wind power system even though the magnitude of all harmonics is within the international standards. The triangular carrier signals of the PWM used in the power converter system is related to the telecommunication noise because they are in the range of audible frequencies and amplified by a variety of the standing waves that were excited by harmonic voltage sources in the weak grid system such as a long distance distribution transmission lines. This paper describes the characteristics of the harmonics in the wind turbine-generator, numerical analysis and simulation of the harmonics resonance phenomena in the distribution lines as well as measuring induced voltage of the telecommunication lines in parallel with power lines in order to verify the root cause of the telecommunication noise. These noise problems can occur in a wind turbine power system with a non-linear converter at any time, as well as photovoltaic power system. So, the preliminary review of suitable filter devices and switching frequencies of the PWM have to be required by considering the stability of the controller at the design stage but as part of the measures the effect of the telecommunication cable shields was analyzed by comparing the measured data between multi-conductor with/without shields so as to attenuate the sources of the harmonics voltage induced into the telecommunication lines and to apply the most cost-effective measures in the field.

References

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