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Serological monitoring on brucellosis in livestock of Korea

국내 가축에서 브루셀라병에 대한 혈청학적 모니터링

  • Sung, So-Ra (OIE Reference Laboratory for Brucellosis, Bacterial Disease Division, Animal and plant Quarantine Agency) ;
  • Kim, Ji-Yeon (OIE Reference Laboratory for Brucellosis, Bacterial Disease Division, Animal and plant Quarantine Agency) ;
  • Her, Moon (OIE Reference Laboratory for Brucellosis, Bacterial Disease Division, Animal and plant Quarantine Agency) ;
  • Lee, Kichan (OIE Reference Laboratory for Brucellosis, Bacterial Disease Division, Animal and plant Quarantine Agency) ;
  • Kang, Sung-Il (OIE Reference Laboratory for Brucellosis, Bacterial Disease Division, Animal and plant Quarantine Agency) ;
  • Lee, Hyang-Keun (OIE Reference Laboratory for Brucellosis, Bacterial Disease Division, Animal and plant Quarantine Agency) ;
  • Cho, Hyo Rim (OIE Reference Laboratory for Brucellosis, Bacterial Disease Division, Animal and plant Quarantine Agency) ;
  • Lee, Jin Ju (OIE Reference Laboratory for Brucellosis, Bacterial Disease Division, Animal and plant Quarantine Agency) ;
  • Jung, Suk Chan (OIE Reference Laboratory for Brucellosis, Bacterial Disease Division, Animal and plant Quarantine Agency)
  • 성소라 (농림축산검역본부 세균질병과 브루셀라병 OIE 표준실험실) ;
  • 김지연 (농림축산검역본부 세균질병과 브루셀라병 OIE 표준실험실) ;
  • 허문 (농림축산검역본부 세균질병과 브루셀라병 OIE 표준실험실) ;
  • 이기찬 (농림축산검역본부 세균질병과 브루셀라병 OIE 표준실험실) ;
  • 강성일 (농림축산검역본부 세균질병과 브루셀라병 OIE 표준실험실) ;
  • 이향근 (농림축산검역본부 세균질병과 브루셀라병 OIE 표준실험실) ;
  • 조효림 (농림축산검역본부 세균질병과 브루셀라병 OIE 표준실험실) ;
  • 이진주 (농림축산검역본부 세균질병과 브루셀라병 OIE 표준실험실) ;
  • 정석찬 (농림축산검역본부 세균질병과 브루셀라병 OIE 표준실험실)
  • Received : 2014.07.23
  • Accepted : 2014.10.13
  • Published : 2014.12.31

Abstract

In Korea, brucellosis has been reported periodically in cattle and rarely in dogs; however, it has not previously been screened in domestic animals such as elk, pigs and goats. To investigate the serological prevalence, serum samples were taken from the aforementioned animals annually during 2007-2013 and screened by the rose-bengal test (RBT) or modified RBT, after which positive sera were evaluated by the standard tube agglutination test (STAT). Finally, RBT and STAT-positive sera were confirmed by competitive-ELISA. Brucella abortus biovar 1 was isolated from three elk that were shown to be positive serologically in 2008. There was no evidence of brucellosis in pigs. Based on serological monitoring and investigation of etiological agents, there is no evidence of outbreak of brucellosis in elk, pigs or goats of Korea since 2008. However, the possibility for brucellosis from cattle to affect these other livestock exists; therefore, extensive and continuous serological monitoring is required to maintain their brucellosis-free status.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 농림축산식품부

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