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Serological prevalence of brucellosis of cattle in selected dairy farms in Bangladesh

  • Hassan, Abdullah Al (Department of Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Science, Sylhet Agricultural University) ;
  • Uddin, M. Bashir (Department of Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Science, Sylhet Agricultural University) ;
  • Islam, Md. Rafiqul (Department of Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Science, Sylhet Agricultural University) ;
  • Cho, Ho-Seong (College of Veterinary Medicine and Bio-safety Research Institute, Chonbuk National University) ;
  • Hossain, Md. Mukter (Department of Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Science, Sylhet Agricultural University)
  • Received : 2014.08.27
  • Accepted : 2014.10.13
  • Published : 2014.12.31

Abstract

This study was conducted to investigate the status of brucellosis in dairy cattle from five selected dairy farms in the Mohammadpur Beribadh area of Bangladesh. A cross-sectional study was carried out from October 2010 to March 2011 in which a total of 334 serum samples from cattle in five herds were screened by the Rose-Bengal plate-agglutination test (RBPT) and the positives were confirmed using an indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (I-ELISA). A structured questionnaire was used to collect epidemiological information describing the animals. Overall, 4.20% of the animals were RBPT positive, while subsequent confirmatory tests with I-ELISA revealed that the overall animal-level prevalence derived from the samples was 1.20%. Additionally, the prevalence was relatively higher in females than in males. A significant association was found between abortion, age of the animals, and the occurrence of brucellosis (p < 0.05). Considering the overall low prevalence of brucellosis in the selected farms in the present study, a brucellosis eradication program for dairy farms using a test-and-slaughter policy would be possible.

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