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Optimization of the Acetic Acid Fermentation for Aronia Vinegar using Response Surface Methodology

반응표면분석법을 이용한 아로니아 식초 제조를 위한 발효조건 최적화

  • Received : 2014.12.09
  • Accepted : 2014.12.19
  • Published : 2014.12.31

Abstract

This study was conducted to determine the optimal conditions of acetic acid fermentation of aronia using the response surface methodology (RSM). Alcohol content of aronia wine was 13.1% after alcohol fermentation of aronia fruits. The optimal conditions of acetic acid fermentation were determined by five levels of initial aronia alcohol content, initial acetic acid content, and acetic acid bacteria, using the central composite design. The acetic acid yields, residual alcohol contents, pH, and color values (L, a, b) of acetic acid fermentation products were very significantly different ($p{\leq}0.01$), and were 26.34~57.82 g/L, 0.80~1.53%, 3.19~3.43, 47.58~71.00, 31.77~51.15, and 18.45~48.57, respectively. For the results, the optimal conditions of acetic acid fermentation of aronia were 7.78% of the initial alcohol concentration, 1.58% of the initial acetic acid, and 19.39% of the acetic acid bacteria.

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