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The Antiproliferative Effects of Compounds Isolated from Schisandra chinensis

오미자로부터 분리된 화합물의 암세포 증식 억제 효과

  • Received : 2013.04.09
  • Accepted : 2013.12.03
  • Published : 2014.12.31

Abstract

We isolated twelve lignans and three terpenoids were isolated from the n-hexane fraction of Schisandra chinensis extract. Using spectroscopic data and comparison with available literature, the following compounds were identified: (1) wuweizisu C, (2) gomisin N, (3) deoxyschisandrin, (4) gomisin A, (5) schisandrin, (6) chamigrenal, (7) schisanlactone D, (8) methylgomisin O, (9) angeloylgomisin O, (10) (-)-gomisin $L_2$, (11) schisandronic acid, (12) (-)-gomisin $L_1$, (13) (+)-gomisin $K_3$, (14) gomisin J, and (15) tigloylgomisin H. Notably, this was the first finding that compound (8) was isolated from this plant. Each compound was evaluated for its in vitro cytotoxic activities toward HL-60 (human leukemia), HeLa (human cervical carcinoma), and MCF-7 (breast cancer) cell lines. Compounds (7), (8), and (9) exhibited strong cytotoxic effects on HL-60 ($IC_{50}$ 7.37, 6.60, and $8.00{\mu}M$, respectively), whereas compound (6) exhibited weak cytotoxicity towards MCF-7 ($IC_{50}$ $30.50{\mu}M$). In addition, compound (8) showed the strongest activity towards HeLa cells ($IC_{50}$ $1.46{\mu}M$).

Keywords

Schisandra chinensis;cytotoxicity;lignan;methylgomisin O

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