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Anti-inflammatory Activity of an Ethanol Extract of Laminaria japonica Root on Lipopolysaccharide-induced Inflammatory Responses in RAW 264.7 Cells

Lipopolysaccharide로 유도된 RAW 264.7 세포에서 다시마 뿌리 에탄올 추출물의 항염증 효과

  • Received : 2014.08.02
  • Accepted : 2014.10.16
  • Published : 2014.12.31

Abstract

Laminaria japonica roots have not been used practically in Korea. In this study, in order to promote the use of these by-products, the anti-inflammatory activity of an ethanol extract of Laminaria japonica root (LJREE) was investigated using a lipopolysaccharide (LPS) to induce an inflammatory response in RAW 264.7 cells. To examine the potential anti-inflammatory effects of LJREE, levels of nitric oxide (NO) and pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-${\alpha}$ (TNF-${\alpha}$), and interleukin-$1{\beta}$ (IL-$1{\beta}$), and cell proliferation were measured. We found that NO levels decreased in a dose-dependent manner, the production of IL-6, TNF-${\alpha}$, and IL-$1{\beta}$ was suppressed, and the production of IL-$1{\beta}$ was inhibited over 30% after treatment with $100{\mu}g/mL$ LJREE. In conclusion, the proliferation of RAW 264.7 cells, measured by MTT assay, confirmed that LJREE may have significant effects on inflammatory factors without any cytotoxicity, making it a potential anti-inflammatory agent.

Keywords

Laminaria japonica root;anti-inflammatory effect

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Acknowledgement

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