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Novel computational approaches characterizing knee physiotherapy

  • Kim, Wangdo (Univ Lisboa, Fac Motricidade Humana, CIPER, LBMF, SPERTLAB) ;
  • Veloso, Antonio P. (Univ Lisboa, Fac Motricidade Humana, CIPER, LBMF, SPERTLAB) ;
  • Araujo, Duarte (Univ Lisboa, Fac Motricidade Humana, CIPER, LBMF, SPERTLAB) ;
  • Kohles, Sean S. (Division of Biomaterials & Biomechanics, Department of Restorative Dentistry, Oregon Health & Science University)
  • Received : 2013.09.28
  • Accepted : 2013.11.19
  • Published : 2014.01.01

Abstract

A knee joint's longevity depends on the proper integration of structural components in an axial alignment. If just one of the components is abnormally off-axis, the biomechanical system fails, resulting in arthritis. The complexity of various failures in the knee joint has led orthopedic surgeons to select total knee replacement as a primary treatment. In many cases, this means sacrificing much of an other-wise normal joint. Here, we review novel computational approaches to describe knee physiotherapy by introducing a new dimension of foot loading to the knee axis alignment producing an improved functional status of the patient. New physiotherapeutic applications are then possible by aligning foot loading with the functional axis of the knee joint during the treatment of patients with osteoarthritis.

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