Wearing Characteristic Evaluation of Hip Protector for Hip Fracture Prevention

고관절 골절 예방을 위한 힙프로텍터 착용특성 평가

Jeon, Eun-Jin;Park, Sei-Kwon;You, Hee-Cheon;Kim, Hee-Eun

  • Received : 2014.08.18
  • Accepted : 2014.10.30
  • Published : 2014.12.31


We surveyed the wearing characteristics of hip protectors. The problems of existing hip protectors were identified and the directions for improvement were presented. The evaluation of wearing characteristics was conducted on the 100 elderly women (60 to 85 years) with 5 types of hip protector. The questionnaire was composed of history and characteristics on falling, hip protector acceptance, preference, use characteristics and improvement requirements. The result of wearing characteristic evaluation indicated that 52% of the subject experienced falling in winter. Incidents resulting from falling occurred: outdoors (74.5%), bathroom (10.9%), and kitchen (5.5%). Body parts to be protected were in several areas: 35.6% for lumbar, 26.9% for hip joint, and 15% for hip bone. Participants prefer a belt B type design at a rate of 56.9% because it provided a sense of stability by clinging to the body and upholding the waist. Belt B type was the most appropriate in terms of fit, allowance, mobility, and design except pad thickness. To reduce the risk of hip fracture, hip protector needs to be designed in consideration of user's type of fall and body shape. The pattern and size of a hip protector has to be improved in regards to the amount of discomfort. An objective evaluation is needed for the ergonomic design of a hip protector based on and analysis of 3D body image of the elderly and the shock-absorbing quality of pad.


hip protector;falling;hip fractures;wearing convenience;movability


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Cited by

  1. Hip Protector Design Process for the Korean Elderly vol.18, pp.4, 2016,
  2. Development of a Sizing System and a Draping Pattern for Hip Protector based on 3D Data Analysis of Korean Older Women vol.18, pp.1, 2016,
  3. Development and Evaluation of Fall Impact Protection Pad vol.20, pp.4, 2018,


Supported by : 한국연구재단