Systematic Review of External Qigong Therapy for Joint Pain

관절 통증에 대한 외기 방사 기공 요법의 체계적 문헌고찰

  • Lee, Hyeon-Yeop ;
  • Hwang, Man-Suk ;
  • Heo, In ;
  • Shin, Byung-Cheul ;
  • Heo, Kwang-Ho ;
  • Hwang, Eui-Hyoung
  • 이현엽 ;
  • 황만석 ;
  • 허인 ;
  • 신병철 ;
  • 허광호 ;
  • 황의형
  • Received : 2014.09.16
  • Accepted : 2014.10.11
  • Published : 2014.10.31

Abstract

Objectives The aim of this study is to analyze the therapeutic effect of external Qigong therapy for treatment of other people's disease on joint pain. Methods We searched articles from Pubmed, Chinese Academic Journals (CAJ) and Oasis online databases. Searching keywords were 'external qigong', 'external qi gong', 'qi therapy', '外气', '关节' and '기공'. After searching the articles, we performed quality assessment using Cochrane risk of bias (RoB) tool and risk of bias assessment tool for non-randomized study (RoBANS). Results Among the 117 articles were searched, 2 randomized controlled clinical trials (RCTs) and 2 single-group before and after studies were finally selected. All of 4 studies showed that external Qigong therapy has significant effect on joint pain. Conclusions Although external Qigong therapy has therapeutic effect on joint pain, it is not common therapy yet. However, external Qigong therapy requires more interests and studies in the future, because it is faithful therapy for Korean medicine theory.

Keywords

External qigong;Qigong;Joint pain

References

  1. 윤종현. 골관절염의 최신지견. 대한내과학회지. 2012;82(2):170-4.
  2. 대한한의학회. 한국표준한방의료행위 분류 및 정의. 2012.
  3. 김기진. 한의과대학 기공 관련 현황 및 강의 만족도 분석. 대구한의대학교 대학원. 2009.
  4. 山本幹男. 외기공에는 암시 이외의 무엇이 있는가?. 한국정신과학회 학술대회 논문집. 2004;21:159-65.
  5. Yan X, Shen H, Jiang H, Hu D, Wang J, Wu X. External Qi of Yan Xin Qigong inhibits activation of Akt, Erk1/2 and $NF-{\kappa}B$ and induces cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in colorectal cancer cells. Cell Physiol Biochem. 2013;31(1):113-22. https://doi.org/10.1159/000343354
  6. Yan X, Li F, Dozmorov I, Frank MB, Dao M, Centola M, Cao W, Hu D. External Qi of Yan Xin Qigong induces cell death and gene expression alterations promoting apoptosis and inhibiting proliferation, migration and glucose metabolism in small-cell lung cancer cells. Mol Cell Biochem. 2012;363(1-2):245-55. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11010-011-1176-8
  7. Smelson D, Chen KW, Ziedonis D, Andes K, Lennox A, Callahan L, Rodrigues S, Eisenberg D. A pilot study of Qigong for reducing cocaine craving early in recovery. J Altern Complement Med. 2013;19(2):97-101. https://doi.org/10.1089/acm.2012.0052
  8. Cohen L, Chen Z, Arun B, Shao Z, Dryden M, Xu L, Le-Petross C, Dogan B, McKenna BJ, Markman M, Babiera G. External qigong therapy for women with breast cancer prior to surgery. Integr Cancer Ther. 2010 Dec;9(4):348-53. https://doi.org/10.1177/1534735410387424
  9. 한국보건의료연구원. NECA 체계적 문헌 고찰 매뉴얼. 서울:한국보건의료연구원. 2011:65-91.
  10. Chen K, He B, Rihacek G, Sigal LH. A pilot trial of external Qigong therapy for arthritis. J Clin Rheumatol. 2003;9(5):332-5.
  11. Chen KW, Hassett AL, Hou F, Staller J, Lichtbroun AS. A pilot study of external qigong therapy for patients with fibromyalgia. J Altern Complement Med. 2006;12(9):851-6. https://doi.org/10.1089/acm.2006.12.851
  12. Chen KW, Perlman A, Liao JG, Lam A, Staller J, Sigal LH. Effects of external qigong therapy on osteoarthritis of the knee. A randomized controlled trial. Clin Rheumatol. 2008 Dec;27(12):1497-505. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10067-008-0955-4
  13. Vincent A, Hill J, Kruk KM, Cha SS, Bauer BA. External qigong for chronic pain. Am J Chin Med. 2010;38(4):695-703. https://doi.org/10.1142/S0192415X10008160
  14. 신호철. 섬유근통증후군-일차진료의사를 위한 접근 전략. 가정의학회지. 2001;21(8):1189-202.
  15. 김주미, 박종웅, 박령준, 필감매, 선재광. 고혈압 환자를 대상으로 시행한 외기발공의 유효성 고찰. 대한의료기공학회. 2006;9(1):1-48.
  16. 허일웅, 錢云. 少林氣功內勁一指禪十大功用及修煉體悟. 국제무도학회학술대회 논문집. 2001;3:33-47.
  17. 이근배, 유종만, 오재근. 6주간의 내경일지선 기공 수련이 대학생의 신체조성 및 심폐기능에 미치는 영향. 교양교육연구소 논문집. 1996;1:203-23.
  18. Lee MS, Pittler MH, Ernst E. External qigong for pain conditions: a systematic review of randomized clinical trials. J Pain. 2007 Nov;8(11):827-31. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpain.2007.05.016
  19. 이정훈. 천존회는 儒佛禪에 무속.기공 합친 종교. 시사저널. 1998.09.10. URL:http://www.sisapress.com/news/quickViewArticleView.html?idxno=8823
  20. Jung MJ, Shin BC, Kim YS, Shin YI, Lee MS. Is there any difference in the effects of Qi therapy (external Qigong) with and without touching? A pilot study. Int J Neurosci. 2006;116(9):1055-64. https://doi.org/10.1080/00207450600575474

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 부산대학교병원