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흰쥐에서 감귤과피 추출물의 알코올성 지방간 개선 작용

Protective Effect of Citrus unshiu Peel Extract on Ethanol-Induced Fatty Liver in Rats

  • 김주연 (국립창원대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 최인욱 (한국식품연구원) ;
  • 노상규 (국립창원대학교 식품영양학과)
  • Kim, Juyeon (Dept. of Food and Nutrition, Changwon National University) ;
  • Choi, In-Wook (Korea Food Research Institute) ;
  • Noh, Sang Kyu (Dept. of Food and Nutrition, Changwon National University)
  • 투고 : 2013.11.21
  • 심사 : 2013.11.29
  • 발행 : 2014.02.28

초록

본 연구는 최근 다양한 생리활성으로 주목받고 있는 감귤과 피 추출물의 급여가 지속적인 알코올 섭취로 인한 알코올성 지방간 개선에 미치는 영향을 동물실험을 통해 조사하였다. 지방간 유도식이인 Lieber-DeCarli 액체식이를 공급하였으며, 액체 표준식이만 공급받는 동물군을 대조군(control), 대조군과의 열량 차이를 에탄올로 보충한 액체식이를 공급받는 동물군을 에탄올군(ethanol), 에탄올군과 동일한 식이와 감귤과피 농축액을 마리당 1 mL 혼합한 액체식이를 공급받는 동물군을 감귤과피 추출물 투여군으로 하여 그룹당 8마리씩 6주간 사육하였다. 실험 시작 전, 3주째 그리고 6주째에 혈액을 채취하였고 간은 6주 혈액 채취 직후 적출하였다. 체중증가율은 대조군과 비교하여 에탄올군, 감귤과피 추출물 투여군에서 유의적으로 감소하였으며, 혈액의 중성지방 농도는 대조군, 에탄올군, 감귤박 추출물 투여군의 순으로 높게 나타났고, 혈중 ALT, AST, ALP의 농도는 대조군과 비교해서 에탄올군에서 유의적으로 증가하였으나 감귤과피 추출물에 의해서 감소하였다. 영상촬영을 통한 간 조직의 지방구 양은 대조군에 비해 에탄올군의 간 조직에서 지방구가 축적되어 크기가 커진 것을 확인할 수 있었고 감귤과피 추출물 투여에 의해서 대조군 수준으로 작아진 것으로 나타났다. 이와 유사하게 간조직의 총지방 함량과 콜레스테롤의 농도는 알코올 투여로 유의적으로 증가하였으나 감귤과피 추출물 투여에 의해서 감소되는 것으로 나타났다. 간 조직의 주요 지방 종류별 총지방산 비교에서도 콜레스테롤, 중성지방, 인지질 분획의 대부분의 지방산 함량이 에탄올군에 비해 감귤과피 추출물 투여군에서 유의적으로 대조군 수준으로 낮아진 것으로 나타났다. 본 연구에서는 감귤과피 추출물이 알코올의 섭취로 인해 증가된 간 기능 지표 수준을 개선시키고, 간조직의 지방간 형성을 유의적으로 억제시키는 것을 확인하였다. 이는 감귤과피 추출물에 함유되어 있는 다양한 플라보노이드 성분이 알코올에 의한 지방 축적을 억제하고 간 기능을 개선시켜 지방간 증상을 완화시킬 수 있음을 증명하여 앞으로 감귤과피가 지방대사 개선 식품소재로서 이용가치가 높아질 것으로 사료된다.

과제정보

연구 과제 주관 기관 : 한국식품연구원

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