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경기 일부지역 중학생의 야식 섭취실태

Night Eating Habits of Middle School Students in Gyeonggi

  • 조유진 (공주대학교 교육대학원 영양교육전공) ;
  • 김미현 (한국교통대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 김명희 (공주대학교 식품과학부) ;
  • 최미경 (공주대학교 식품과학부)
  • Cho, Yu-Jin (Major in Nutrition Education, Graduate School of Education, Kongju National University) ;
  • Kim, Mi-Hyun (Dept. of Food and Nutrition, Korea National University of Transportation) ;
  • Kim, Myung-Hee (Div. of Food Science, Kongju National University) ;
  • Choi, Mi-Kyeong (Div. of Food Science, Kongju National University)
  • 투고 : 2013.09.23
  • 심사 : 2013.12.25
  • 발행 : 2014.02.28

초록

본 연구에서는 경기 일부지역에 거주하는 중학생 705명을 대상으로 야식 섭취형태, 야식 선택 시 고려사항, 야식 메뉴별 기호도 및 섭취빈도, 야식 섭취에 따른 식습관을 비교분석함으로써 청소년의 야식 섭취상태와 그에 따른 문제점을 제시하고자 하였다. 주 1회 이상 야식을 한다는 대상자를 '야식군'으로 분류하였고, 전체대상자 중 야식군은 422명(59.9%)이었다. 야식을 먹는 주된 이유는 배가 고파서(79.1%)로 나타났으며, 야식을 먹게 되는 경로는 가족이 구입해서가 39.3%로 가장 높았고, 야식을 먹는 장소는 집이 96.2%로 높은 비율을 보였다. 야식을 먹는 시간은 밤 10~11시가 40.3%로 가장 높았으며, 야식 대상자의 32.9%가 야식 후 1시간 이내에 잠자리에 들고, 야식을 먹고 난 후 다음날 아침의 변화에 대하여 69.2%가 변화가 없다고 답하였다. 야식 메뉴를 선택할 때 맛, 위생, 양 등의 순서로 중요하게 고려하는 것으로 나타났다. 기호도가 높은 야식 메뉴는 빙과류, 과일류, 치킨, 과일주스, 라면, 피자, 자장면 순이었으며, 섭취빈도가 높은 것은 과일류, 빙과류, 라면, 치킨, 요구르트, 과일주스 순이었다. 야식군은 비야식군보다 편식(P<0.01), 과식(P<0.01), 짜게 먹기(P<0.01), 불규칙한 식사시간(P<0.001)의 점수가 높아 식습관이 좋지 않은 것으로 나타났다. 이상의 결과를 종합할 때, 조사대상 중학생의 약 60%가 주 1회 이상 야식을 섭취하고 있었으며, 늦은 저녁 시간에 배고픔으로 인하여 가족과 함께 야식을 섭취하는 경우가 많고, 야식 메뉴에 있어서도 탄수화물 및 지방이 주를 이루며 영양밀도가 낮은 메뉴들에서 기호도 및 섭취빈도가 높았다. 또한 야식군이 비야식군에 비해 식습관도 바람직하지 않은 것으로 나타났다. 본 연구는 비교적 많은 청소년을 대상으로 이들의 올바른 야식 지도에 활용할 수 있는 유의미한 결과를 도출하였지만, 야식에 대한 정의가 다소 불분명하고 여름 한 철에 조사되어 야식 메뉴가 한정적으로 제시된 제한점을 가지고 있다. 따라서 앞으로 보다 다양한 야식시간과 양 그리고 계절에 따른 야식 섭취상태를 비교 분석하는 연구가 이루어져야 할 것이다.

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피인용 문헌

  1. Evaluation of nutrient intake and food variety by age in Korean adolescents: Based on 2010~2012 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey vol.48, pp.3, 2015, https://doi.org/10.4163/jnh.2015.48.3.236
  2. Nutritional aspects of night eating and its association with weight status among Korean adolescents vol.10, pp.4, 2016, https://doi.org/10.4162/nrp.2016.10.4.448
  3. Dietary Habit Survey of Preschool Children in Uiwang-si, Gyeonggi-do vol.27, pp.1, 2017, https://doi.org/10.17495/easdl.2017.2.27.1.29
  4. The Dietary and Late-night eating Behavior according to Residence Type of University Students in Daejeon vol.23, pp.4, 2014, https://doi.org/10.5934/kjhe.2014.23.4.721