Analysis of Nutritional Components and Physicochemical Properties of Hot-air Dried Jerusalem Artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus L.) Powder

열풍 건조한 돼지감자 분말의 영양성분 및 이화학적 특성 분석

  • Received : 2013.07.04
  • Accepted : 2013.10.22
  • Published : 2014.02.28


This study investigated the nutritional components and physicochemical characteristics of Jerusalem artichoke. The moisture, crude protein, crude fat, crude ash and carbohydrate content of the Jerusalem artichoke were $5.06{\pm}0.08$, $8.30{\pm}0.26$, $0.70{\pm}0.16$, $5.04{\pm}0.03$, and 80.90%, respectively. The total sugar content of Jerusalem artichoke was $50.48{\pm}1.11$ mg/g, and the Hunter color space coordinates were $L=94.16{\pm}0.03$, $a=0.32{\pm}0.01$ and $b=0.30{\pm}0.01$. The water binding capacity and water activity of the Jerusalem artichoke were $4.06{\pm}0.16$ g/g and $0.245{\pm}0.005$, respectively. The total amino-acid content of the Jerusalem artichoke was $1.337{\times}10^4$ mg/kg, and essential amino acid was 2,737 mg/kg. The total free sugar of the Jerusalem artichoke was 4.12%. Linoleic acid (0.21%) was found to be a common fatty acid in the Jerusalem artichoke. Among the minerals, potassium (2,489 mg%) was found to be the most abundant in the Jerusalem artichoke. The total phenol and flavonoid contents were $3.06{\pm}0.07$ mg GAE/g and $1.89{\pm}0.03$ mg QE/g, respectively. The vitamin C content of the Jerusalem artichoke was $3.43{\pm}0.07$ mg%.


Jerusalem artichoke;nutritional component;physicochemical characteristics;total phenol content;total flavonoid content


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