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Genetic Analysis of Ultrasound and Carcass Measurement Traits in a Regional Hanwoo Steer Population

  • Hwang, Jeong Mi (Livestock Research Institute, National Agriculture Cooperative Federation) ;
  • Cheong, Jae Kyoung (Livestock Research Institute, National Agriculture Cooperative Federation) ;
  • Kim, Sam Su (Livestock Research Institute, National Agriculture Cooperative Federation) ;
  • Jung, Bong Hwan (Hoengseong Chuckhyup) ;
  • Koh, Myung Jae (Hoengseong Chuckhyup) ;
  • Kim, Hyeong Cheol (Hanwoo Experiment Station, National Institute of Animal Science) ;
  • Choy, Yun Ho (Animal Breeding and Genetics Division, National Institute of Animal Science)
  • Received : 2013.09.03
  • Accepted : 2013.11.29
  • Published : 2014.04.01

Abstract

Ultrasound measurements of backfat thickness (UBF), longissimus muscle area (ULMA) and marbling score (UMS) and carcass measurements of carcass weight (CW), backfat thickness (BF), longissimus muscle area (LMA), and marbling score (MS) on 7,044 Hanwoo steers were analyzed to estimate genetic parameters. Data from Hanwoo steers that were raised, finished in Hoengseong-gun, Gangwon-do (province) and shipped to slaughter houses during the period from October 2010 to April 2013 were evaluated. Ultrasound measurements were taken at approximately three months before slaughter by an experienced operator using a B-mode real-time ultrasound device (HS-2000, FHK Co. Ltd., Tokyo, Japan) with a 3.5 MHz linear probe. Ultrasound scanning was on the left side between 13th rib and the first lumbar vertebrae. All slaughtering processes and carcass evaluations were performed in accordance with the guidelines of beef grading system of Korea. To estimate genetic parameters, multiple trait animal models were applied. Fixed effects included in the models were: the effects of farm, contemporary group effects (year-season at the time of ultrasound scanning in the models for UBF, ULMA, and UMS, and year-season at slaughter in the models for CW, BF, LMA, and MS), the effects of ultrasound technicians as class variables and the effects of the age in days at ultrasound scanning or at slaughtering as linear covariates, respectively for ultrasound and carcass measures. Heritability estimates obtained from our analyses were 0.37 for UBF, 0.13 for ULMA, 0.27 for UMS, 0.44 for CW, 0.33 for BF, 0.36 for LMA and 0.54 MS, respectively. Genetic correlations were strongly positive between corresponding traits of ultrasound and carcass measures. Genetic correlation coefficient between UBF and BF estimate was 0.938, between ULMA and LMA was 0.767 and between UMS and MS was 0.925. These results suggest that ultrasound measurement traits are genetically similar to carcass measurement traits.

Keywords

Hanwoo;Ultrasound;Carcass Trait;Heritability;Genetic Correlation

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