Wheel/Rail Contact Analysis with Consideration of Friction and Torque

마찰과 토크를 고려한 차륜/레일 접촉 해석

  • Received : 2013.06.25
  • Accepted : 2013.12.13
  • Published : 2014.02.28


Wheel/rail contact is a significant problem in railway dynamics. In this paper, the wheel/rail contact is examined analytically and numerically as a contact problem between two cylinders where torque and friction have effect. Furthermore, the contact of a real wheel and rail is investigated numerically where the normal and shear force act. This study demonstrates that the wheel/rail contact is a process that generates traction force through creep where rolling and sliding occurs simultaneously depending on the shape of the wheel and rail, and the friction coefficient between them.


Supported by : 국토해양부


  1. F.W. Carter (1926) On the action of a locomotive driving wheel, Proc. R. Soc, London. A, 112, pp. 151-157.
  2. J.J. Kalker (1991) Wheel-rail rolling contact theory, Wear, 144, pp. 243-261.
  3. V.K. Garg, R.V. Dukkipati (1984) Dynamics of railway vehicle systems, Academic press, Toronto, Canada, pp. 113-115.
  4. A.A. Shabana, K.E. Zaazaa, J.L. Escalona, J.R. Sany (2004) Development of elastic force model for wheel/rail contact problem, Journal of Sound and Vibration, 269, pp. 295-325.
  5. E.E. Magel, J. Kalousek (2002) The application of contact mechanics to rail profile design and rail grinding, Wear, 253(1-2), pp. 308-316.
  6. K.D. Sung, W.H. Yang, M.R. Cho, S.P. Heo, K.H. Jung (1998) A study on the contact characteristics of wheel-rail for rolling stock, Journal of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 268-273.
  7. H.S. Yang, W.S. Lee, H.K. Nam (2005) Study on wheel profile for railway vehicle with narrow gauge by profile contact analysis, Proceedings of the Korean Society for Railway Annual Autumn Conference, pp. 59-64.
  8. Popov, Valentin L. (2010) Contact mechanics and friction : physical principles and applications, Springer, Berlin, Germany, pp. 72-75.
  9. SAMCEF. 8.3 (2010).

Cited by

  1. Dynamic Analysis of Railway Structures using Multibody Contacts vol.15, pp.6, 2015,
  2. Study on MFL Technology for Defect Detection of Railroad Track Under Speed-up Condition vol.18, pp.5, 2015,