- Volume 40 Issue 1
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Survey of Exposure Factors for Risk Assessment of Hazardous Materials in Child-Specific Products
어린이용품 함유 유해인자의 위해성평가를 위한 노출계수 조사
- Received : 2014.02.14
- Accepted : 2014.02.28
- Published : 2014.02.28
Background: Despite children's unique characteristics that distinguish them from adults, relatively few attempts have been made to measure exposure factors for characterization of children's exposure to hazardous chemicals in child-specific products (CSP). This study was conducted to establish the child-specific exposure factors for exposure and risk assessment of hazardous substances in CSP. Methods: We investigated the exposure factors (e.g., time use of child-products, time and frequency of object-to-body contact, time and frequency of object-to-mouth contact) influencing children's exposure to CSP (e.g., toys, playmats, oil pastels, etc.) in 650 children through a parent-completed questionnaire using a web-based survey. Participants were recruited in five age groups, <1, 1-2, 2-3, 3-6, and 6-12 years of age. Results: The child-specific exposure factors were presented as the mean, median,
Child-specific products;Children's exposure;Non-dietary ingestion;Indirect ingestion
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