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A study of animal bones excavated from the shell mound of Jeju Jongdali 1819 archaeological site

제주도 종달리 1819번지 패총에서 출토된 뼈 유물의 분류

  • Kang, Yoonhyoung (College of Veterinary Medicine, Jeju National University) ;
  • Moon, Jihwan (College of Veterinary Medicine, Jeju National University) ;
  • Ahn, Meejung (School of Medicine, Jeju National University) ;
  • Bang, Moon-Bae (Jeju Cultural Heritage Institute) ;
  • Shin, Taekyun (College of Veterinary Medicine, Jeju National University)
  • 강윤형 (제주대학교 수의과대학 수의학과) ;
  • 문지환 (제주대학교 수의과대학 수의학과) ;
  • 안미정 (제주대학교 의학전문대학원) ;
  • 방문배 (제주문화유산연구원) ;
  • 신태균 (제주대학교 수의과대학 수의학과)
  • Received : 2013.11.03
  • Accepted : 2014.01.22
  • Published : 2014.03.31

Abstract

Animal bones excavated with earthenware from the shell mound at the Jeju Jongdali 1819 archeological site, where three consecutive chronological layers covering the Neolithic (B.C. 15C-B.C. 10C), early Tamra, and late Tamra periods have been identified, were morphologically classified. The majority of the bones from all three periods were broken or split. The major fauna of the mammalian bones in all periods were Cervus spp., Sus scrofa, and Bos taurus. In the early and late Tamra periods, bones of small animals including Mustela sibirica coreana, Meles meles, Rodentia, and Aves were also found in small number. The excavated bones were from all parts of the animal bodies, including head, trunk, forelimb, and hindlimb. Collectively, these findings suggest that the major fauna from the Neolithic to late Tamra periods consisted of Cervus spp., Sus scrofa, and Bos taurus and that the fauna was dissected and carried to the shell mound site after hunting. Information from the bone remains in the shell mound are useful data for study of the wildlife and domestic animals living during the prehistoric period of Jeju Island.

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