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Mucormycosis: A Case Report and Review of Literature

  • Lee, Guem-Sug (Department of Dentistry, Chonnam National University Hwasun Hospital) ;
  • Lee, Kyung-Hwa (Department of Pathology, Chonnam National University Hwasun Hospital) ;
  • Kim, Byung-Gook (Department of Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, Chonnam National University) ;
  • Im, Yeong-Gwan (Department of Oral Medicine, Chonnam National University Dental Hospital)
  • Received : 2014.01.28
  • Accepted : 2014.02.15
  • Published : 2014.03.30

Abstract

Mucormycosis is a rare but fatal fungal infection with low survival rate in immune-compromised patients. It is caused by a fungus belonging to the Mucoraceae family of the Zygomycetes class. Mucormycosis is classified as rhino-orbital-cerebral, pulmonary, cutaneous, gastrointestinal, disseminated, and miscellaneous types according to its clinical manifestations. Early diagnosis and treatment along with correction of the underlying medical condition is important for favorable results. This case presentation describes mucormycosis involving the anterior maxillary region in a leukemic patient with prolonged neutropenia. The patient benefited from a timely biopsy and immediate treatment with amphotericin B, and was successfully managed with an interdisciplinary team approach consisting of dental and several medical specialists.

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