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Effects of Various Amendments on Heavy Metal Stabilization in Acid and Alkali Soils

여러 안정화제가 산성 및 알칼리 토양에서 중금속 안정화에 미치는 영향

  • Received : 2013.12.17
  • Accepted : 2014.02.04
  • Published : 2014.03.31

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Recent studies using many amendments for heavy metal stabilization in soil were conducted in order to find out new materials. But, the studies accounting for the use of appropriate amendments considering soil pH remain incomplete. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of initial soil pH on the efficiency of various amendments. METHODS AND RESULTS: Acid soil and alkali soil contaminated with heavy metals were collected from the agricultural soils affected by the abandoned mine sites nearby. Three different types of amendments were selected with hypothesis being different in stabilization mechanisms; organic matter, lime stone and iron, and added with different combination. For determining the changes in the extractable heavy metals, water soluble, Mehlich-3, Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure, Simple Bioavailability Extraction Test method were applied as chemical assessments for metal stabilization. For biological assessments, soil respiration and root elongation of bok choy (Brassica campestris ssp. Chinensis Jusl.) were determined. CONCLUSION: It was revealed that lime stone reduced heavy metal mobility in acid soil by increasing soil pH and iron was good at stabilizing heavy metals by supplying adsorption sites in alkali soil. Organic matter was a good source in terms of supplying nutrients, but it was concerning when accounting for increasing metal availability.

Keywords

Acid/alkali soil;Amendments;Bioavailability;Heavy metal;Stabilization

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Cited by

  1. Comparing Bioavailability of Cadmium and Arsenic in Agricultural Soil Under Varied pH Condition vol.48, pp.1, 2015, https://doi.org/10.7745/KJSSF.2015.48.1.057
  2. Microcosm Experiment for Evaluating Efficiency of Chemical Amendments on Remediation of Heavy Metal Contaminated Soil vol.48, pp.2, 2015, https://doi.org/10.7745/KJSSF.2015.48.2.138
  3. The Applicability of the Acid Mine Drainage Sludge in the Heavy Metal Stabilization in Soils vol.33, pp.2, 2014, https://doi.org/10.5338/KJEA.2014.33.2.78

Acknowledgement

Grant : Optimum Remediation Technology for Heavy Metal Stabilization and Soil Amelioration

Supported by : Korea University