Analyzing Expected Inflation Based on a Term Structure Model: A Case of Korea

이자율모형을 이용한 우리나라 기대인플레이션의 추정 및 특징

  • Song, Joonhyuk (Department of Economics, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies)
  • 송준혁 (한국외국어대학교 경제학과)
  • Received : 2014.01.03
  • Published : 2014.05.31

Abstract

This paper estimates and characterizes expected inflations using an affine term structure model based on the empirical stochastic process of the interest rates in Korea. The empirical results show that the expected inflation which marked above 4% before the global financial crisis has dampened and stabilized after the crisis. Moreover, we investigate the rationality of the various expected inflation measures in terms of the unbiasedness and efficiency and find that unbiasedness is not rejected across the all measures, while the efficiency cannot be empirically warranted. Besides, we run Granger causality tests and conclude that the expected inflations compiled from the Consensus, BOK-Expert have the cross-causality with the long-run actual inflation, while the expected inflation estimated from the term structure model has the cross-causality with the short-run actual inflation. These results connote that expected inflations collected from different sources and methods have their targets and horizons and the central bank needs to watch all of them with a balanced view instead of preferring one to the other.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국외국어대학교