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Characteristics and breeding of a new cultivar Pleurotus eryngii var. ferulae, 'Beesan No.1'

아위느타리 신품종 '비산1호'의 육성 및 자실체 특성

  • Shin, Pyung-Gyun (Mushroom Science Division, National Institute of Horticultural and Herbal Science, RDA) ;
  • Yoo, Young-Bok (Mushroom Science Division, National Institute of Horticultural and Herbal Science, RDA) ;
  • Kong, Won-Sik (Mushroom Science Division, National Institute of Horticultural and Herbal Science, RDA) ;
  • Oh, Youn-Lee (Mushroom Science Division, National Institute of Horticultural and Herbal Science, RDA)
  • 신평균 (농촌진흥청 국립원예특작과학원 버섯과) ;
  • 유영복 (농촌진흥청 국립원예특작과학원 버섯과) ;
  • 공원식 (농촌진흥청 국립원예특작과학원 버섯과) ;
  • 오연이 (농촌진흥청 국립원예특작과학원 버섯과)
  • Received : 2014.03.31
  • Accepted : 2014.04.03
  • Published : 2014.03.31

Abstract

To develop a new cultivar of King oyster mushroom white variety (Pleurotus ferulae), GW10-95 as parental strain was selected by the method of Di-mon crossing between monokaryotic strain ASI 2850-24 derived from ASI 2850 and dikaryotic strain ASI 2803. The GW10-95(ASI 2803 ${\times}$ ASI 2850-24) was shown the best cultural characteristics, selected to be a new cultivar and designed as 'Beesan No.1'. The 'Beesan No.1' was formed incompatibility line distinctly in the confrontation growth of parental strains ASI 2803 and ASI 2850. Analysis of the genetic characteristics of the new cultivar 'Beesan No.1' showed a different DNA profile as that of the control strains, ASI 2803 and ASI 2850, when RAPD(Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA) primer URP6 was used. The optimum temperature and pH arrange for mycelial growth were $25^{\circ}C$ and pH5~8, respectively. Fruiting body production per bottle was about 245 g using demonstration farms. And also the stipe was thick and long. This new cultivar 'Beesan No.1' of Pleurotus ferulae was characterized by fast fruitbody formation, the stipe was thick and long and high quality yield compared to that of other cultuvars. We therefore expect that this new strain will increase of farmer's income by construction of stabilized production system.

Acknowledgement

Grant : 큰느타리버섯의 모본 특성평가 및 육종기술 개발

Supported by : 농촌진흥청

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