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Characteristics and breeding of a new cultivar Pleurotus eryngii var. ferulae, 'Beesan No.2'

아위느타리 신품종 '비산2호'의 육성 및 자실체 특성

  • Shin, Pyung-Gyun (Mushroom Science Division, National Institute of Horticultural and Herbal Science, RDA) ;
  • Yoo, Young-Bok (Mushroom Science Division, National Institute of Horticultural and Herbal Science, RDA) ;
  • Kong, Won-Sik (Mushroom Science Division, National Institute of Horticultural and Herbal Science, RDA) ;
  • Oh, Youn-Lee (Mushroom Science Division, National Institute of Horticultural and Herbal Science, RDA)
  • 신평균 (농촌진흥청 국립원예특작과학원 버섯과) ;
  • 유영복 (농촌진흥청 국립원예특작과학원 버섯과) ;
  • 공원식 (농촌진흥청 국립원예특작과학원 버섯과) ;
  • 오연이 (농촌진흥청 국립원예특작과학원 버섯과)
  • Received : 2014.03.31
  • Accepted : 2014.04.03
  • Published : 2014.03.31

Abstract

To develop a new cultivar of King oyster mushroom white variety (Pleurotus ferulae), GW10-68 as parental strain was selected by the method of Di-mon crossing between monokaryotic strain ASI 2798-24 derived from ASI 2798 and dikaryotic strain ASI 2803. The GW10-95(ASI 2803 ${\times}$ ASI 2798-24) was shown the best cultural characteristics, selected to be a new cultivar and designed as 'Beesan No.2'. The 'Beesan No.2' was formed incompatibility line distinctly in the confrontation growth of parental strains ASI 2803, ASI 2798 and Beesan No.1. Analysis of the genetic characteristics of the new cultivar 'Beesan No.2' showed a different DNA profile as that of the control strains, ASI 2803, ASI 2798 and 'Beesan No.1', when RAPD(Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA) primer URP4 was used. The optimum temperature and pH arrange for mycelial growth were $25^{\circ}C$ and pH5~8, respectively. Fruiting body production per bottle was about 123.3 g. And also the stipe was long. This new cultivar 'Beesan No.2' of Pleurotus ferulae was characterized white-like variety of King oyster mushroom in the color of stipe, that was long and low yield compared to that of other cultuvar 'Beesan No.1'. We therefore expect that this new strain will increase of export and substitute cultivar of King oyster mushroom.

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