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Effects of Knee Brace on the Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury Risk Factors during Spike Take Off in Female Volleyball Players

여자 배구 선수들의 스파이크 도약 시 무릎보호대가 전방십자인대 부상위험 요인에 미치는 영향

  • Yang, Chang-Soo (Division of Exercise and Health, College of Arts and Physical Education, Incheon National University) ;
  • Lim, Bee-Oh (Department of Physical Education, College of Education, Chungang University)
  • 양창수 (인천대학교 예술체육대학 운동건강과학부) ;
  • 임비오 (중앙대학교 사범대학 체육교육과)
  • Received : 2014.03.01
  • Accepted : 2014.03.26
  • Published : 2014.03.31

Abstract

In volleyball, the most common injuries are anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears. For this reason, volleyball players frequently use knee brace as prophylactic and rehabilitation measures. The purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of knee brace on anterior cruciate ligament injuries risk factors during spike take off in female volleyball players. Fifteen female volleyball players were recruited and performed randomly spike take off with and without knee brace. Kinematics and ground reaction data were collected to estimate the anterior cruciate ligament injuries risk factors. The ACL risk factors are knee maximum flexion angle, thigh maximum adduction angle, thigh maximum internal rotation angle, shank maximum abduction angle, shank maximum external rotation angle, knee maximum extension moment and knee maximum abduction moment. Data were analyzed with paired samples t-test with Bonfferoni collection. Female volleyball players with knee brace had no significant results in knee maximum flexion angle, thigh maximum adduction angle, thigh maximum internal rotation angle, shank maximum abduction angle and shank maximum external rotation angle compare to without knee brace. Female volleyball players, however, with knee brace showed more reduced knee maximum extension moment and knee maximal abduction moment than without knee brace. In conclusion, Female volleyball players with knee brace reduced anterior cruciate ligament stress.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 인천대학교

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