Characteristics of Fine Particle and Metallic Elements at School Classroom in Summertime

DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Jeon, Byung-Il

  • 투고 : 2014.01.06
  • 심사 : 2014.04.04
  • 발행 : 2014.04.30

초록

This study aims to investigate the indoor air quality by analyzing $PM_{10}$ concentration and metallic elements collected from high school(classroom, science room, assembly room). $PM_{10}$ concentration of a classroom, a science room, and an assembly hall during the research period was 87.7 ${\mu}g/m^3$, $75.3{\mu}g/m^3$, $64.6{\mu}g/m^3$, respectively. Si of $PM_{10}$ had highest concentration with 15,427 $ng/m^3$ followed by Na which had 7,205 $ng/m^3$, and the order was Si>Na>Ca>Mg>Fe>K in the classroom. $PM_{10}$ concentration of a classroom and a science room was each 104.8 ${\mu}g/m^3$ and 75.3 ${\mu}g/m^3$ during the semester and $PM_{10}$ concentration of a classroom and an assembly hall was each 80.9 ${\mu}g/m^3$ and 64.6 ${\mu}g/m^3$ during the summer vacation. Based on $PM_{10}$ and metallic concentration at a classroom on day of week, the concentration of Friday was highest with 112.0 ${\mu}g/m^3$, and that of Monday was lowest with 65.3 ${\mu}g/m^3$.

키워드

$PM_{10}$ concentration;Metallic elements;Classroom;Science room;Assembly hall

참고문헌

  1. Almeida, S. M., Canha, N., Silva, A., Freitas, M. C., Pegas, P., Alves, C., Evtyugina, M., Pio, C. A., 2011, Children exposure to atmospheric particles in indoor of Lisbon primary schools, Atmos. Environ., 45, 7594-7599. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2010.11.052
  2. Cho, T. J., Choi, H. S., Jeon, Y. T., Lee, C. W., Lee, J. D., Jou, H. M., Son, B. S., 2008, The study of indoor air quality at schools in Chung-Nam area, J. Environ. Sci. Inter., 17(5), 501-507. https://doi.org/10.5322/JES.2008.17.5.501
  3. Choi, Y. A., Lee, T. J., Kim, D. S., 2006, Investigation of indoor air quality and characteristics of particulate matters concentration followed by indoor activities in preschool classrooms, Indoor Environ. & Tech.,, 3(3), 273-284.
  4. Daisey, J. M., Angell, W. J., Apte, M. G., 2003, Indoor air quality, ventilation and health symptoms in schools: an analysis of existing information, Indoor Air, 13, 53-64. https://doi.org/10.1034/j.1600-0668.2003.00153.x
  5. Diapouli, E., Chaloulakou, A., Spyrellis, N., 2007, Indoor and outdoor particulate matter concentrations at schools in the Athens area, Indoor and Built Environ., 16, 55-61. https://doi.org/10.1177/1420326X06074836
  6. Jeon, B. I., Hwang, Y. S., Oh, K. J., 2010, Characteristics of metallic and ionic concentration in $PM_{10}$ at inland and seashore in Busan, Kor. Soc. Environ. Imp. Assess., 19(3), 323-333.
  7. Elbayoumi, M., Ramli, N. A., Yusof, N. F. F., Madhoun, W. A., 2013, Spatial and seasonal variation of particulate matter($PM_{10}$ and $PM_{2.5}$) in Middle Eastern classrooms, Atmos. Environ., 80, 389-397. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2013.07.067
  8. Fromme, H., Twardella, D., Dietrich, S., Heitmann, D., Schierl, R., Liebl, B., Ruden, H., 2007, Particulate matter in the indoor air of classrooms-exploratory results from Munich and surrounding area, Atmos. Environ., 41, 854-866. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2006.08.053
  9. Janssen, N., Hoek, G., Brunekreef, B., Harssema, H., 1999, Mass concentration and elemental composition of $PM_{10}$ in classrooms, Occupa. & Environ. Medi., 56, 482-487. https://doi.org/10.1136/oem.56.7.482
  10. Kim, D. H., Lee, G. H., Kim, J. S., Lee, J. G., 2006, A study on the indoor air quality in preschool facilities, Proceed. 41st meeting of KOSAE, 540-541.
  11. Mendell, M. J., Heath, G. A., 2005, Do indoor pollutants and thermal conditions in schools influence student performance? A critical review of the literature, Indoor Air, 15, 27-52.
  12. Nam, B. H., Hwang, I. J., Kim, D. S., 2002, Pattern classification of $PM_{10}$ in the indoor environment using disjoint principal component analysis, J. KOSAE, 18(1), 25-37.
  13. Sohn, J. R., Yoon, S. W., Kim, Y. S., Roh, Y. M., Lee, C. M., Son, B. S., Yang, W. H., Lee, Y. G., Choi, H. Y., Lee, J. S., 2006, A survey on the indoor air quality of some school classrooms in Korea, Indoor Environ. & Tech., 3(1), 54-63.