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Improvement of Rapid Sand Filtration to Two Stage Dual Media Filtration System in Water Treatment Plant

정수처리장 사여과지의 이단이중여과재 시스템으로의 개량

Woo, Dal-Sik;Kim, Jooneon;Hwang, Byung-Gi;Chae, Su-Kweon;Jo, Kwanhyung
우달식;김준언;황병기;채수권;조관형

  • Received : 2014.01.21
  • Accepted : 2014.04.21
  • Published : 2014.04.30

Abstract

This study aimed for evaluating the applicability of the two stage dual media filtration system in field water treatment plant. The field plant of two stage and dual media filtration system was operated for 2 months. Average iron concentrations of the settled water, existing filtered water and second stage filtered water was 0.041 mg/L, 0.007 mg/L and 0.005 mg/L, respectively. Removal efficiency of iron concentration in the second stage is appropriately 35% more than in existing filtered water. Also removal efficiency of residual chlorine in the dual media filtration system is relatively 42.3% more than in existing filtered water due to adsorption of activated carbon, but the removal of ammonia nitrogen by adsorption is insufficient. Average concentrations of THM and chloroform in the settled water are 0.033 mg/L, 0.026 mg/L, respectively and in existing filtered water are 0.023 mg/L and 0.023 mg/L. Average concentrations of THM and chloroform in the dual media filtration system are 0.008 mg/L and 0.013 mg/L. Therefore removal efficiency of THM concentration in second stage is more than 66.4% in existing filtrated water. Also removal efficiency of chloroform in the dual media filtration system is more than 50.0% in existing filtered water because of the adsorption of activated carbon. In this case backwashing period in dual stage system is 4~5 days, but in existing filtration system is 1~2 days.

Keywords

Sand filtration;Two stage;Dual media;GAC;DBPs;Backwashing

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Acknowledgement

Supported by : 환경부, 국토해양부