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Study of Single-dose Toxicity of Guseonwangdo-go Glucose Intramuscular Injection in Sprague-Dawley Rats

  • Jo, Su-Jeong (Department of Acupuncture & Moxibustion Medicine, Dongguk University College of Oriental Medicine) ;
  • Kim, Sung-Chul (Department of Acupuncture & Moxibustion Medicine, Wonkwang University College of Oriental Medicine) ;
  • Kim, Yu-Jong (Department of Acupuncture & Moxibustion Medicine, Dongguk University College of Oriental Medicine) ;
  • Kim, Eun-Jung (Department of Acupuncture & Moxibustion Medicine, Dongguk University College of Oriental Medicine) ;
  • Kim, Kap-Sung (Department of Acupuncture & Moxibustion Medicine, Dongguk University College of Oriental Medicine) ;
  • Lee, Seung-Deok (Department of Acupuncture & Moxibustion Medicine, Dongguk University College of Oriental Medicine)
  • Received : 2013.10.31
  • Accepted : 2013.11.26
  • Published : 2014.03.31

Abstract

Objectives: This study was performed to analyze single-dose intramuscular toxicity of Guseonwangdo-go glucose pharmacopuncture. Methods: Eighty six-week-old Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into two large groups of forty rats; Guseonwangdo-go glucose 5% and Guseonwangdo-go glucose 20% groups. Each group was sub-divided into four smaller groups of five males and five females, with the following dosages of pharmacopuncture being administered by intramuscular (IM) injection in each group: group 1 (G1, control group): 1.0 mL of normal saline solution, group 2 (G2, low-dose group): 0.1 mL, group 3 (G3, mid-dose group): 0.5 mL, and group 4 (G4, high-dose group): 1.0 mL. Results: No mortalities or clinical signs were observed in any group. Also, no significant changes in body weights or in hematological/biochemical analyses were observed between the control and the experimental groups during necropsy or histopathology. Conclusion: The above findings suggest that the lethal dose of Guseonwangdo-go glucose 5% and 20% pharmacopuncture administered via IM injection is more than 1.0 mL per animal in both male and female rats. Further studies on the repeated-dose toxicity of Guseonwangdo-go glucose should be conducted to yield more concrete data.

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