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Determination of Nutrient Contents and In vitro Gas Production Values of Some Legume Forages Grown in the Harran Plain Saline Soils

  • Boga, M. (Bor Vocational School, Nigde University) ;
  • Yurtseven, S. (Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Harran University) ;
  • Kilic, U. (Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Ondokuz Mayis University) ;
  • Aydemir, S. (Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Harran University) ;
  • Polat, T. (Department of Field Crops, Faculty of Agriculture, Harran University)
  • Received : 2013.11.14
  • Accepted : 2014.01.31
  • Published : 2014.06.01

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the nutritive value of some legume species in salt-affected soils of South-East Anatolian region using chemical composition and in vitro gas production kinetics. In this study, Lotus corniculatus, Trifolium alexandrinum, Medicago sativa were sown and tested in four different locations. A 3 by 4 factorial design with 3 legume species and 4 salt levels (non salty electrical conductivity (EC)<4 dS/m; low salt: 4 dS/m>EC<8 dS/m, medium saline: 8 dS/m>EC<16 dS/m and high salt: 16 dS/m>EC) was used in the study. Results indicated that salinity and plants had no significant effect on ash and ether extract. Dry matter (DM), acid detergent fiber, digestible dry matter, dry matter intake (DMI) were affected by plant, salinity and plant${\times}$salinity interaction. On the other hand neutral detergent fiber, relative feed value (RFV), and DMI were affected by salinity and plant${\times}$salinity interaction. Mineral contents were affected by plant species, salinity and salinity${\times}$plants interactions. In vitro gas production, their kinetics and estimated parameters such as were not affected by salinity whereas the gas production up to 48 h, organic matter digestibility, metabolizable energy (ME), and net energy lactation ($NE_L$) were affected by plant and plant${\times}$salt interaction. Generally RFVs of all species ranged from 120 to 210 and were quite satisfactory in salty conditions. Current results show that the feed value of Medicago sativa is higher compared to Lotus corniculatus and Trifolium alexandrinum.

Keywords

In vitro Gas Production;Glycophyte Forages;Legume sp.;Relative Feed Value;Salt Stress

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