DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Effect of Two-step Time-restricted Feeding on the Fattening Traits in Geese

  • Lui, Zhen-Jia (Department of Animal Science and Biotechnology, Tunghai University) ;
  • Chu, Hung-Hsin (Department of Animal Science and Biotechnology, Tunghai University) ;
  • Wu, Yun-Chu (Department of Animal Science and Biotechnology, Tunghai University) ;
  • Yang, Shyi-Kuen (Department of Animal Science and Biotechnology, Tunghai University)
  • Received : 2013.08.06
  • Accepted : 2014.01.09
  • Published : 2014.06.01

Abstract

The present study was conducted to determine whether the two-step time-restricted feeding improves the fattening traits of one-step time-restricted feeding in geese. Thirty-six 8-wk-old geese were allotted into one of three groups. Group R1 (the 1-step restricted feeding group) was allowed access to feed for 2 h in the morning from 8 wk to 14 wk of age. Group R2 (the 2-step restricted feeding group) was treated as Group R1, but was additionally fed for 2 h in the afternoon from 12 wk to 14 wk of age. Group C (the control group) was fed ad libitum from 8 wk to 14 wk of age. Feed intake and body weight (BW) were recorded daily and weekly, respectively. At 14 wk of age, the blood samples were collected to determine the fasting plasma levels of glucose, triacylglycerols and uric acid before sacrifice. The results showed that daily feed intake (DFI) was lower, feed efficiency (FE) was higher in both Groups R1 and R2 than in Group C, and daily gain (DG) in Group R2 was higher than in Group R1 during the whole experimental period (p<0.05). Group R1 exhibited lower abdominal and visceral fat weights in carcass than did Group C (p<0.05), and Group R2 was in intermediate. The fasting plasma glucose levels in Group C were higher, and triacylglycerol levels in Group R1 were higher, compared with the other groups (p<0.05). It is concluded that time-restricted feeding in the fattening period not only increases FE but reduces DFI, and the additional meal during the late fattening period improves the DG without the expense of FE in geese.

Keywords

Carcass Traits;Fattening;Goose;Restricted Feeding;Time-restricted Feeding

References

  1. Bonneau, M. and B. Lebret. 2010. Production systems and influence on eating quality of pork. Meat Sci. 84:293-300. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meatsci.2009.03.013
  2. AOAC. 1984. Official Methods of Analysis. 14th edn. Association of Official Analytical Chemists. Washington, DC.
  3. Benyi, K. and H. Habi. 1998. Effects of food restriction during the finishing period on the performance of broiler chickens. Br. Poult. Sci. 39:423-425. https://doi.org/10.1080/00071669889006
  4. Boa-Amponsem, K., E. A. Dunnington and P. B. Siegel. 1991. Genotype, feeding regime and diet interaction in meat chickens. 1. Growth, organ size and feed utilisation. Poult. Sci. 70:680-688. https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.0700680
  5. Chen, Y. H., J. C. Hsu, B. L. Shih, D. C. Lio, and M. T. Chen. 2003. A study on the optimal marketing age of geese. J. Chin. Soc. Anim. Sci. 32:111-121.
  6. Fontana, E. A., W. D. Weaver Jr., B. A. Watkins, and D. M. Denbow. 1992. Effect of early feed restriction on growth, feed conversion, and mortality in broiler chickens. Poult. Sci. 71:1296-1305. https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.0711296
  7. Fontana, E. A., W. D. Weaver Jr., D. M. Denbow, and B. A. Watkins. 1993. Early feed restriction of broilers: Effects on abdominal fat pad, liver, and gizzard weights, fat deposition, and carcass composition. Poult. Sci. 72:243-250. https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.0720243
  8. Gidenne, T., S. Combes, and L. Fortun-Lamothe. 2012. Feed intake limitation strategies for the growing rabbit: Effect on feeding behaviour, welfare, performance, digestive physiology and health: A review. Animal 6:1407-1419. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1751731112000389
  9. Ho, S.-Y., Y.-C. Wu, Y.-H. Chen, and S.-K. Yang. 2014. The effects of feeding time and time-restricted feeding on the fattening traits of White Roman geese. Animal 8:395-400. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1751731113002383
  10. Hornick, J. L., C. van Eenaeme, O. Gerard, I. Dufrasne, and L. Istasse. 2000. Mechanisms of reduced and compensatory growth. Domest. Anim. Endocrinol. 19:121-132. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0739-7240(00)00072-2
  11. Lovatto, P. A., D. Sauvant, J. Noblet, S. Dubois, and J. van Milgen. 2006. Effects of feed restriction and subsequent refeeding on energy utilization in growing pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 84:3329-3336. https://doi.org/10.2527/jas.2006-048
  12. Jones, G. P. and D. J. Farrell. 1992a. Early-life food restriction of broiler chickens. I. Methods of application, amino acid supplementation and the age at which restrictions should commence. Br. Poult. Sci. 33:579-587. https://doi.org/10.1080/00071669208417497
  13. Jones, G. P. and D. J. Farrell. 1992b. Early-life food restriction of broiler chickens. II. Effects of food restrictions on the development of fat tissue. Br. Poult. Sci. 33:589-601. https://doi.org/10.1080/00071669208417498
  14. Lippens, M., G. Room, G. De Groote, and E. Decuypere. 2000. Early and temporary quantitative food restriction of broiler chickens. 1. Effects on performance characteristics, mortality and meat quality. Br. Poult. Sci. 41:343-354. https://doi.org/10.1080/713654926
  15. MacLeod, M. G., S. G. Tullett, and T. R. Jewitt. 1979. Effect of food intake regulation on the energy metabolism of hens and cockerels of a layer strain. Br. Poult. Sci. 20:521-531. https://doi.org/10.1080/00071667908416616
  16. Moradi, S., M. Zaghari, M. Shivazad, R. Osfoori, and M. Mardi. 2013. The effect of increasing feeding frequency on performance, plasma hormones and metabolites, and hepatic lipid metabolism of broiler breeder hens. Poult. Sci. 92:1227-1237. https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.2012-02483
  17. Mullan, B. P., M. Trezona, D. N. D'Souza, and J. C. Kim. 2009. Effects of continual fluctuation in feed intake on growth performance response and carcass fat-to-lean ratio in grower-finisher pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 87:179-188.
  18. Nelson, W., L. Scheving, and F. Halberg. 1975. Circadian rhythms in mice fed a single daily meal at different stages of lighting regimen. J. Nutr. 105:171-184.
  19. Ocak, N. and F. Sivri. 2008. Liver colourations as well as performance and digestive tract characteristics of broilers may change as influenced by stage and schedule of feed restriction. J. Anim. Physiol. Anim. Nutr. (Berl.) 92:546-553. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0396.2007.00746.x
  20. Plavnik, I. and S. Hurwitz. 1991. Response of broiler chickens and turkey poults to food restriction of varied severity during early life. Br. Poult. Sci. 32:343-352. https://doi.org/10.1080/00071669108417359
  21. Palo, P. E., J. L. Sell, F. J. Piquer, M. F. Soto-Salanova, and L. Vilaseca. 1995a. Effect of early nutrient restriction on broiler chickens. 1. Performance and development of the gastrointestinal tract. Poult. Sci. 74:88-101. https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.0740088
  22. Palo, P. E., J. L. Sell, F. J. Piquer, L. Vilaseca, and M. F. Soto-Salanova. 1995b. Effect of early nutrient restriction on broiler chickens. 2. Performance and digestive enzyme activities. Poult. Sci. 74:1470-1483. https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.0741470
  23. Plavnik, I. and S. Hurwitz. 1988. Early feed restriction in chicks: effect of age, duration, and sex. Poult. Sci. 67:384-390. https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.0670384
  24. Rashotte, M. E., P. S. Basco, and R. P. Henderson. 1995. Daily cycles in body temperature, metabolic rate, and substrate utilization in pigeons: Influence of amount and timing of food consumption. Physiol. Behav. 57:731-746. https://doi.org/10.1016/0031-9384(94)00315-7
  25. Scanes, C. G., G. Brant, and M. E. Ensminger. 2004. Poultry Science. 4th edn. Pearson Education, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey.
  26. Su, G., P. Sorensen, and S. C. Kestin. 1999. Meal feeding is more effective than early feed restriction at reducing the prevalence of leg weakness in broiler chickens. Poult. Sci. 78:949-955. https://doi.org/10.1093/ps/78.7.949
  27. Summers, J. D., D. Spratt, and J. L. Atkinson. 1990. Restricted feeding and compensatory growth for broilers. Poult. Sci. 69:1855-1861. https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.0691855
  28. Svihus, B., A. Sacranie, V. Denstadli, and M. Choct. 2010. Nutrient utilization and functionality of the anterior digestive tract caused by intermittent feeding and inclusion of whole wheat in diets for broiler chickens. Poult. Sci. 89:2617-2625. https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.2010-00743
  29. Urdaneta-Rincon, M. and S. Leeson. 2002. Quantitative and qualitative feed restriction on growth characteristics of male broiler chickens. Poult. Sci. 81:679-688. https://doi.org/10.1093/ps/81.5.679
  30. Whittemore, C. 2006. Optimisation of feed supply to growing pigs and breeding sows. In: Whittemore's Science and Practice of Pig Production (Ed. I. Kyriazakis and C. Whittemore). Blackwell, Ames, Iowa. pp. 472-506.
  31. Zubair, A. K. and S. Leeson. 1996. Changes in body composition and adipocyte cellularity of male broilers subjected to varying degrees of early-life feed restriction. Poult. Sci. 75:719-728. https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.0750719
  32. Yu, M. W., F. E. Robinson, M. T. Cladinin, and L. Bodnar. 1990. Growth and composition of broiler chickens in response to different regimes of feed restriction. Poult. Sci. 69:2074-2081. https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.0692074
  33. Zhan, X. A., M. Wang, H. Ren, R. Q. Zhao, J. X. Li, and Z. L. Tan. 2007. Effect of early feed restriction on metabolic programming and compensatory growth in broiler chickens. Poult. Sci. 86:654-660. https://doi.org/10.1093/ps/86.4.654
  34. Zhong, C., H. S. Nakaue, C. Y. Hu, and L. W. Mirosh. 1995. Effect of full feed and early feed restriction on broiler performance, abdominal fat level, cellularity, and fat metabolism in broiler chickens. Poult. Sci. 74:1636-1643. https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.0741636

Cited by

  1. Effects of sequential feeding with low- and high-protein diets on growth performances and plasma metabolite levels in geese vol.9, pp.06, 2015, https://doi.org/10.1017/S1751731114003267