The Politics of Hollywood Conspiracy Films in the Era of Late Capitalism

후기 자본주의 시대 헐리우드 음모론 영화의 정치성

  • 이지행 (중앙대학교 첨단영상대학원)
  • Received : 2013.11.05
  • Accepted : 2014.02.17
  • Published : 2014.03.28


Conspiracy theory is often considered as a kind of paranoid and an act of throwing all the blame solely on the Big Other who is presumed to control all the incidents behind the curtain. While, it is also assessed as a socio-political sub-culture and a way of interpreting the world full of closure and insufficient information, keeping us from grasping 'the totality'. Meanwhile recent conspiracy films reflect the ever dense and concealed anatomy of the world now. And it reveals some kind of ideological tendency which is, 'sense of catastrophe' and 'non-ideology' reflecting the world of late capitalism society. This article intends to examine the altered representational appearance and ideology in recent conspiracy films so as to understand how the conspiracy theory, the social-political interpretational mechanism, is converged into the film narrative against the backdrop of late capitalism, a socio-political condition we live in.


Conspiracy Theory;Apocalypse;Ideology;Late Capitalism


  1. 프레드릭 제임슨, 지정학적 미학, 현대미학사, pp.31-32, 2007.
  2. Slavoj Zizek, Living in the End Times, Verso, 2011.
  3. 복도훈, 묵시록의 네 기사, 자음과 모음, 2012.
  4. 변정수, "일상의 정치적 무기력이 빚은 과잉 정치 담론: 음모론의 대중심리", 당대비평, 제25집, p.150, 2004.
  5. John S. Nelson, "Conspiracy as a Hollywood Trope for System," Political Communication, Vol.20, No.4, p.500, 2003(재인용).
  6. 전상진, "한국 정치의 편집증적 스타일: 한국 정치 커뮤니케이션과 음모론", 경제와 사회,제85집, p.155, 2010(재인용).
  7. Mark Fenster, Conspiracy Theories: Secrecy and Power in American Culture, Univ. of Minnesota Press, p.116, 2008.
  8. Temenuga Trifonova, "Agency in the Cinematic Conspiracy Thrillers", SubStance, Vol.41, No.3, p.109, 2012.
  9. Temenuga Trifonova, "Agency in the Cinematic Conspiracy Thrillers", SubStance, Vol.41, No.3, p.111, 2012.
  10. 한나 아렌트, 예루살렘의 아이히만, 한길사, 2006.
  11. 허문영, "[전영객잔] 본 시리즈에 대한 뒤늦은 생각들", <씨네 21>, 2007.11.08.