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A Review of Forest Development Patten by the Length of Protection Period in Gangwondo Baekdudaegan Mountains

강원지역 백두대간 산림의 보호기간에 따른 임분 발달 양상 검토

Chung, Sang Hoon;Hwang, Kwang Mo;Lim, Seon Mi;Kim, Ji Hong
정상훈;황광모;임선미;김지홍

  • Received : 2014.02.03
  • Accepted : 2014.02.04
  • Published : 2014.02.28

Abstract

This study was carried out to review the pattern of forest stand development for six Gangwondo Baekdudaegan Mountains which experienced different type and duration of intensive legal protection. Vegetation data from point sampling method were employed to classify community types by cluster analysis on the basis of the importance values of canopy tree species for the study areas. The names of classified communities were given by the composition of dominant tree species. The communities were also compared one another in terms of stand structure by species diversity index. The results indicated that National Parks (Seoraksan and Odaesan) had greater proportion of mixed mesophytic forest type which was supposed to progress further forest succession process so as to have more complex and diversified stand structure. On the other hand, ordinary forest areas (Seokbyeongsan and Deokhangsan) had greater proportion of the forest types which was dominatively composed of Quercus mongolica and Pinus densiflora. The forest types with large amount of these two species would tend to develop for relatively short period of time of 40-50 years after artificial disturbances. Hyangnobong of Natural Protection Area and Hambaeksan of Natural Ecosystem Conservation Area showed intermediate stand development pattern in between National Parks and ordinary forest areas. The period of intensive legal protection of the forest area was positively correlated with species diversity index (R=0.736), and noted that the forest which received intensive protection regulation for longer period tended to show more complex and diversified stand structure.

Keywords

Baekdudaegan Mountains;community types;forest development patten;protection period;species diversity

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Acknowledgement

Supported by : 산림청