- Volume 30 Issue 1
DOI QR Code
A Review of Forest Development Patten by the Length of Protection Period in Gangwondo Baekdudaegan Mountains
강원지역 백두대간 산림의 보호기간에 따른 임분 발달 양상 검토
Chung, Sang Hoon;Hwang, Kwang Mo;Lim, Seon Mi;Kim, Ji Hong
- Received : 2014.02.03
- Accepted : 2014.02.04
- Published : 2014.02.28
This study was carried out to review the pattern of forest stand development for six Gangwondo Baekdudaegan Mountains which experienced different type and duration of intensive legal protection. Vegetation data from point sampling method were employed to classify community types by cluster analysis on the basis of the importance values of canopy tree species for the study areas. The names of classified communities were given by the composition of dominant tree species. The communities were also compared one another in terms of stand structure by species diversity index. The results indicated that National Parks (Seoraksan and Odaesan) had greater proportion of mixed mesophytic forest type which was supposed to progress further forest succession process so as to have more complex and diversified stand structure. On the other hand, ordinary forest areas (Seokbyeongsan and Deokhangsan) had greater proportion of the forest types which was dominatively composed of Quercus mongolica and Pinus densiflora. The forest types with large amount of these two species would tend to develop for relatively short period of time of 40-50 years after artificial disturbances. Hyangnobong of Natural Protection Area and Hambaeksan of Natural Ecosystem Conservation Area showed intermediate stand development pattern in between National Parks and ordinary forest areas. The period of intensive legal protection of the forest area was positively correlated with species diversity index (R=0.736), and noted that the forest which received intensive protection regulation for longer period tended to show more complex and diversified stand structure.
Baekdudaegan Mountains;community types;forest development patten;protection period;species diversity
- Barbour MG, Burk JH, Pitts WD. 1980. Terrestrial Plant Ecology. The Benjamin and Cummings Publishing Co., New York, pp 604.
- Barbour MG, Billings WD. 1988. North American terrestrial vegetation. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge [Cambridgeshire]; New York, pp 434.
- Bazzaz FA. 1979. The Physiological Ecology of Plant Succession. Ann Rev Ecol Syst 10: 351-371. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.es.10.110179.002031
- Braun-Blanquet J. 1964. Pflanzensoziologie, Grundzfige der Vegetationskunde. 3rd ed. Springer, Wien-New York, pp 865.
- Braun EL. 1950. Deciduous Forest of Eastern North America. Blakiston, Philadelphia, pp 596.
- Choung YS. 1998. Characteristic Species Distribution of the Baekdoo Great Mountain Chain at Kangwon Province, Korea. J Ecol Field Biol 21: 105-112.
- Curtis JT, McIntosh RP. 1951. An upland forest continuum in the prairie-forest border region of Wisconsin. Ecology 32: 476-496. https://doi.org/10.2307/1931725
- Everitt B. 1973. Cluster Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York.
- Kim JH. 2003. The Analysis of Forest Successional Trend by Species Replacement Model in the Natural Forest. J Korean For En 22: 1-10.
- Forestry Research Institute. 2003. Ecological Aspects of Baekdu Mountains in Korea and Delineation of Their Management and Conservation Area. pp 72-101.
- Hartigan JA. 1975. Clustering algorithms. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York.
- Hwang KM, Lee JM, Kim JH. 2012. Community Classification and Successional Trends in the Natural Forest of Baekdudaegan in Gangwon Province -Focused on Hyangrobong, Odaesan, Seokbyeongsan, Dutasan, Deokhangsan and Hambaeksan. J Agri Life Sci 46: 41-55.
- Kim JH, Hwang KM, Kim SM. 2013. The Evaluation of Correlation between Disturbance Intensity and Stand Development by Natural Forest Community Type Classification. J For Sci 29: 219-225. https://doi.org/10.7747/JFS.2013.29.3.219
- Kim JW. 1993. A Study on the Current State of Green Environment in the Republic of Korea. Korea Environment Institute. pp 63.
- Loucks OL. 1970. Evolution of diversity, efficiency, and community stability. Am Zool 10: 17-25. https://doi.org/10.1093/icb/10.1.17
- Korea Forest Service. 2008. White Paper of Korea Forest Policy. pp 334.
- McCune B, Mefford MJ. 1999. PC-ORD: multivariate analysis of ecological data. MjM Software Design, Gleneden Beach, Or, USA.
- Odum EP. 1969. The strategy of ecosystem development. Science 164: 262-270. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.164.3877.262
- Orloci L. 1967. An agglomerative method for classification of plant communities. J Ecol 55: 193-206. https://doi.org/10.2307/2257725
- Otto HJ. 1994. Waldokologie. E. Ulmer, Stuttgart. pp 391.
- Pielou EC. 1975. Ecological diversity. Wiley, New York. pp 165.
- Park KS. 20012 A Study on the Flora and Vegetation of Civilian Control Line Area (Hyangro-Bong, Chiljeol-Bong, Mt. Mae-Bong in Inje-gun, Kwangwon-do). Master dissertation, Kangwon national university, pp 66.
- Rea LM, Parker RA. 2005. Designing and Conducting Survey Research: A Comprehensive Guide. 3rd ed. San Francisco, CA.
- Vankat JL. 1979. The natural vegetation of North America: an introduction. John Wiley & Sons, New York, pp 261.
- Yang HM, Kang SK, Kim JH. 2001. Selection of desirable species and estimation of composition ratio in a natural deciduous forest. J Korean For Soc 90: 465-475.
Supported by : 산림청