Development and Effectiveness of Educational Programs for Career Search Ability Improvements for Engineering Students

공학계열 대학생들의 진로탐색능력 향상을 위한 프로그램 개발 및 효과

  • Received : 2014.03.14
  • Accepted : 2014.05.15
  • Published : 2014.05.31


The increase of youth unemployment has delivered entire interests in career education by many institutes including universities Thereafter, the emphasis on career education makes the ability on career development be considered as one of the fundamental issues in a human life. There are many efforts to assist students for career exploring by universities, however, the findings through these researches have appeared to be insignificant. As a prat of the efforts to overcome these limitations, this study is to create the appropriate career exploring educational program for college students in engineering. In accordance with the objective of this study, the research was conducted with methodologies such as 1) literature reviews; 2) analysis on the career exploring ability and needs on the related programs focusing on 224 college students in engineering; 3) creation and development of the educational program for career exploring; 4) application of the developed program to twenty three number of college students; 5) result analysis after program implementation. The significant findings and a specific case delivered by this study expect to provide valuable contributions to prospective users who intent to involve in the related educational program.


  1. 강승희(2010). 공학전공 대학생의 전공만족도, 진로결정 효능감 및 진로태도성숙이 진로결정수준에 미치는 영향. 직업교육연구, 29(3): 291-307.
  2. 금재호(1997). 직업정보의 수집과 제공을 위한 연계 체제 구축 방안. 진로교육연구, 8: 93-113.
  3. 김계현, 하혜숙(2000). 대학생의 학과(학부) 만족의 요인에 관한 연구. 상담학연구, 1(1): 7-20.
  4. 김안국(2006). 이공계 대졸 청년층의 직장아동과 전공직종일치 분석. 노동경제논집, 29(1): 153-184.
  5. 김영경(2008). 대학 신입생이 지각하는 진로장벽이 진로결정 수준과 진로결정 자기효능감에 미치는 영향. 한국심리학회지 상담 및 심리치료, 20(4): 1191-1210.
  6. 김은영(2001). 한국 대학생 진로탐색장애검사의 개발 및 타당화 연구. 이화여자대학교 대학원. 박사학위논문.
  7. 박은선(2008). 아버지 애착과 지지가 대학생의 진로탐색자기 효능감과 진로탐색행동에 미치는 영향. 홍익대학교 대학원. 박사학위논문.
  8. 배병렬(2009). 구조방정식모델링. 서울: 청람출판사.
  9. 손은령(2002). 대학생의 개인적 변인과 지각된 진로장벽이 진로결정수준에 미치는 영향. 진로교육연구, 15(2): 73-86.
  10. 양명희, 박명지, 김희정(2010). 대학생의 전공-흥미 일치도, 직업흥미 수준이 전공만족도와 진로성숙도에 미치는 영향. 직업교육연구, 29(2): 137-156.
  11. 정희영, 박옥련(2009). 미용전공 대학생의 가치관과 자기효능감, 전공만족도, 진로성숙도의 관계연구. 한국인체예술학회, 10(1): 35-49.
  12. 최동선(2003). 대학생의 진로탐색행동과 동기요인 및 애착의 관계분석. 서울대학교 박사학위 논문.
  13. 최옥현(2006). 대학생의 애착관계 및 유형과 진로탐색효능감이 진로발달에 미치는 영향. 숙명여자대학교 대학원. 박사학위논문.
  14. 태혜신(2007). 무용 사회화와 진로탐색 행동의 관계에 관한 구조모형분석. 한양대학교대학원. 박사학위논문.
  15. Arbuckley, J.(2007). Amos 18 user's guide. IL: SPSS Inc.
  16. Bentler, P. M.(1990). Comparative fit indices in structural models. Psychological Bulletin, 107: 238-246.
  17. Bentler, P. M., & Bonett, D. G.(1980). Significance tests and goodness of fit in the analysis of covariance structures. Psychological Bulletin, 88: 588-606
  18. Blustein, D. L., & Flum, H.(1999). A self-determination perspective of interests and exploration in career development. In M. L. Savicakas and A. R. Spokane (Eds.), Vocational interests: Meaning, measurement, and counselling use (pp. 345-368). Palo Alto, CA: Davies-Black.
  19. Bollen, K. A.(1989). Structural equation with laten variables. New York: Wiley.
  20. Bollen, K. A., & Long, J. S.(1993). Testing structural equation models. London: Sage.
  21. Breckler, S. J.(1990). Applications of covariance structure modeling in psychology: Cause for concern? Psychological Bulletin, 107 : 260-273.
  22. Browne, M. W., & Cudeck, R.(1993). Alternative ways of assessing model fit. In K. A. Bollen, & J. S. Long, Testing structural equation models. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
  23. Byrne, B. N.(2001). Structural equation modeling with AMOS. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
  24. Crites, J. O.(1969). Vocational Psychology. New York: McGraw-Hill.
  25. Curran, P. J., West, S. G., & Finch, J.(1996). The robustness of test statistics to non-normality and specification error in confirmatory factor analysis. Psychological Method, 1: 16-29.
  26. Felsman, D. E., & Blustein, D. L.(1999). The role of peer relatedness in late adolescent career development. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 54: 279-295.
  27. Grewal, R, Cote, J. A., & Baumgartner, H.(2004). Multicollinearity and measurement error in structural equation models: Implications for theory testing. Marketing Science, 23(4): 519-29.
  28. Grotevant, H., & Cooper, C.(1988). The role of family experience in career exploration: A life-span perspective. In P. Baltes, R. H. Lerner, & D. Featherman(Eds.) Life-span development and behavior (Vol. 8, pp.231-258). Hillsdale, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum.
  29. Hu, L. & Bentler, P. M.(1998). Fit indices in covariance structure modeling: Sensitivity to underparameterized model misspecification. Psychological Methods, 3(4): 424-453.
  30. Joreskog, K. G. & Sorbom, D.(2004). LISREL 8.7. Lincolnwood, IL: Scientific Software International, Inc.
  31. Kline, R. B.(2005). Principles and practice of structural equation modeling (2nd Ed). New York: Guilford Press.
  32. Logue, C. T.(2005). The relationship between personality traits, vocational interest themes, and college major satisfaction. Ph. d. Dissertation. The university of Tennesse.
  33. Luzzo, D. A., & Jenkins, S. A.(1996). Perceived occupational barriers among Mexican-American college students. TACJournal, 24, 1-8.
  34. Solberg, V. C., Good, G, E., & Nord, D.(1994). Career search self-efficacy: Ripe for applications and intervention programming. Journal of Career Development, 21(1): 63-72.
  35. Solberg, V. S., Good, G. E., Fischer, A. R., Brown, S. D., & Nord, D.(1995). Career decision-making and career search activities: Relative effects of career search self-efficacy and human agency. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 42(4): 448-455.
  36. Stumpf, S. A. Colarelli, S. M., & Hartman, K.(1983). Development of the Career Exploration Survey(CES). Journal of Vocational Behavior, 22 : 191-226.
  37. Taylor, K. M., & Betz, N. E.(1983). Applications of selfefficacy theory to the understanding and treatment of career indecision. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 22(1): 63-81.