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Evaluation of Beach Pollution by Aquaculture Styrofoam Buoys in Tongyeong, Korea

양식장 스티로폼 부자쓰레기로 인한 통영 해변의 오염 평가

  • Hong, Su Yeon (Our Sea of East Asia Network/Korea Marine Litter Institute) ;
  • Lee, Chan Won (Our Sea of East Asia Network/Korea Marine Litter Institute) ;
  • Hong, Sunwook (Our Sea of East Asia Network/Korea Marine Litter Institute) ;
  • Lee, Jongmyoung (Our Sea of East Asia Network/Korea Marine Litter Institute) ;
  • Jang, Yong Chang (Our Sea of East Asia Network/Korea Marine Litter Institute)
  • 홍수연 ((사)동아시아바다공동체오션/한국 해양쓰레기 연구소) ;
  • 이찬원 ((사)동아시아바다공동체오션/한국 해양쓰레기 연구소) ;
  • 홍선욱 ((사)동아시아바다공동체오션/한국 해양쓰레기 연구소) ;
  • 이종명 ((사)동아시아바다공동체오션/한국 해양쓰레기 연구소) ;
  • 장용창 ((사)동아시아바다공동체오션/한국 해양쓰레기 연구소)
  • Received : 2014.02.06
  • Accepted : 2014.03.27
  • Published : 2014.05.25

Abstract

Abundance and composition of marine debris on 13 beaches of Tongyeong City, South Korea were surveyed in 2013 Autumn. The average quantity of macro debris (>25 mm) was about 30 particle/$m^2$ and that of micro debris (1 mm-25 mm) was about 26,971 particle/$m^2$. This is a very high level compared with other areas of South Korea and the other countries. Among the 7 material types of debris (styrofoam, hard plastic, fiber, metal, glass, wood and others), styrofoam composed a large portion: 75% of macro debris and 98% of micro debris. And among the 'whole' styrofoam debris items whose original volume is remained more than 50%, styrofoam buoy debris composed 93%. This result suggests that the beaches surveyed are seriously contaminated by marine debris, and most of its sources are aquaculture styrofoam buoys. Management of styrofoam buoy debris used for oyster aquaculture in Tongyeong City is important not only for Tongyeong city, but also for other areas, because Tongyeong city hosts the biggest number of oyster aquaculture areas in South Korea.

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