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A Study on the Occurrence Characteristics of Tropical Night Day and Extreme Heat Day in the Metropolitan City, Korea

한반도 대도시의 폭염 및 열대야 발생 특성에 대한 연구

Kim, Eun-Byul;Park, Jong-Kil;Jung, Woo-Sik
김은별;박종길;정우식

  • Received : 2014.02.03
  • Accepted : 2014.03.28
  • Published : 2014.05.30

Abstract

To identify the characteristics of extreme heat events and tropical nights in major cities, the correlations between automated synoptic observing station (ASOS), automatic weather station (AWS), and temperature in seven metropolitan areas were analyzed. Temperatures at ASOS were found to be useful sources of the reference temperature of each area. To set the standard for identifying dates of extreme heat events in relation to regional topography and the natural environment, the monthly and yearly frequency of extreme heat in each region was examined, based on the standards for extreme heat day (EHD), tropical night day (TND), and extreme heat and tropical night day (ETD). All three cases identified 1994 as the year with the most frequent heat waves. The frequency was low according to all three cases in 1993, 2003 and 2009. Meanwhile, the yearly rate of increase was the highest in 1994, followed by 2010 and 2004, indicating that the frequency of extreme heat changed significantly between 1993 and 1994, 2003 and 2004, and 2009 and 2010. Therefore all three indexes can be used as a standard for high temperature events. According to monthly frequency data for EHD, TND, and ETD, July and August accounted for 80% or more of the extreme heat of the entire year.

Keywords

Extreme heat;Extreme heat day;Tropical night day;High temperature;Metropolitan area

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Cited by

  1. The Occurrence Characteristic and Future Prospect of Extreme Heat and Tropical Night in Daegu and Jeju vol.24, pp.11, 2015, https://doi.org/10.5322/JESI.2015.24.11.1493
  2. Projection of future hot weather events and potential population exposure to this in South Korea vol.72, pp.1, 2017, https://doi.org/10.3354/cr01446

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국연구재단