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건조방법에 따른 모시잎의 항산화 활성 및 암세포 증식 억제효과

Effects of Ramie Leaf according to Drying Methods on Antioxidant Activity and Growth Inhibitory Effects of Cancer Cells

  • 김아라 (조선대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 강수태 (조선대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 정은 (조선대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 이재준 (조선대학교 식품영양학과)
  • Kim, Ah-Ra (Dept. of Food and Nutrition, Chosun University) ;
  • Kang, Su-Tae (Dept. of Food and Nutrition, Chosun University) ;
  • Jeong, Eun (Dept. of Food and Nutrition, Chosun University) ;
  • Lee, Jae-Joon (Dept. of Food and Nutrition, Chosun University)
  • 투고 : 2014.01.14
  • 심사 : 2014.03.05
  • 발행 : 2014.05.31

초록

본 연구는 모시잎의 건조방법에 따른 항산화 및 암세포 증식억제효과를 비교 분석하였다. 80% 에탄올로 추출한 열풍건조 및 동결건조 모시잎의 총 폴리페놀 함량은 건조방법에 따른 유의적 차이를 보이지 않았다. 반면 총 플라보노이드 함량은 열풍건조 모시잎이 동결건조 모시잎에 비하여 유의하게 높게 나타났다. 1,000 ppm에서 열풍건조 및 동결건조 모시잎의 DPPH 라디칼 소거능은 각각 77.74%와 77.29%의 비슷한 라디칼 소거능을 보였으며, Rancimat으로 측정한 열풍건조 및 동결건조 모시잎의 항산화지수는 각각 1.38과 1.32로 BHT, BHA 및 비타민 C에 비해서는 낮았으나 시료를 미첨가한 음성대조군보다는 높은 항산화력을 보였다. 위암(AGS), 간암(Hep G2) 및 폐암(A549) 세포에 대한 모시잎 에탄올 추출물의 암세포 증식 억제효과를 알아본 결과, 열풍건조 및 동결건조 모시잎 에탄올 추출물의 농도가 증가할수록 암세포의 증식 억제 활성은 농도 의존적으로 증가되었다. 건조방법에 따른 항암활성은 비슷한 경향이었으며 가장 높은 농도인 $800{\mu}g/mL$에서 80% 이상의 간암 및 폐암세포의 증식 억제 활성을 보였고, 위암세포에서는 75%이상의 증식 억제 활성을 보였다. 이상의 결과 열풍건조 및 동결건조 모시잎 에탄올 추출물은 in vitro에서 항산화효과와 암세포의 증식 억제효과를 보였고, 건조방법에 따른 모시잎 에탄올 추출물의 항산화 활성 및 암세포 증식 억제 활성은 비슷한 경향으로 나타났다.

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