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Quality Characteristics of Doenjang by Aging Period

전통 된장의 숙성 기간에 따른 감각·화학적 품질특성

  • Ku, Kyung-Hyung (Div. of Convergence Technology, Korea Food Research Institute) ;
  • Park, Kyungmin (Div. of Convergence Technology, Korea Food Research Institute) ;
  • Kim, Hyun Jung (Div. of Convergence Technology, Korea Food Research Institute) ;
  • Kim, Yoonsook (Div. of Convergence Technology, Korea Food Research Institute) ;
  • Koo, Minseon (Div. of Convergence Technology, Korea Food Research Institute)
  • Received : 2013.05.23
  • Accepted : 2014.03.28
  • Published : 2014.05.31

Abstract

In order to characterize the quality of Doenjang, fermented Korean soybean paste, subjected to long-term aging, this study performed physico-chemical analyses and sensory evaluation according to aging period (from 1 to 9 years). Regarding the proximate composition of Doenjang according to aging period, moisture, crude protein, crude lipid, crude ash, and salt contents showed little differences among Doenjang samples. Amino-type nitrogen content was 1,046.7 mg% in the 1 year-aged sample, 990.9~996.9 mg% in the 2~5 year-aged samples, and 1,214.1~1,304.8 mg% in the samples fermented more than 5 years. ${\Delta}$E value, reflecting total color differences between the samples, increased according to aging period. Ratios of linoleic and linolenic acids, which are essential fatty acids in soybeans, constituted 55% of total fatty acids, which was the most abundant among all fatty acids. The major free sugar in Doenjang was fructose at a content of 1.6~2.2% in 1~9 year-aged Doenjang. Glycoside form of isoflavones in Meju constituted 77.1%, and the aglycon form constituted 22.9%. However, the glycoside type of isoflavones in soybeans was converted to aglycon type in Doenjang through fermentation and aging. In the sensory evaluation of Doenjang samples, brown color, salt smell, soy sauce flavor, and viscosity all increased according to aging period, whereas sweet flavor, roast smell, beany flavor, salty taste, and acrid taste showed no significant differences. In cluster analysis of the sensory attributes of Doenjang according to aging period, 1 year-aged Doenjang was significantly different between 2 year- and 3~5 year-aged Doenjang.

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