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Monitoring of Roast Color Formation in Ginseng Using Threonine and Sucrose

Threonine과 Sucrose를 이용한 인삼의 색상 발현 모니터링

  • Lee, Gee-Dong (Dept. of Food Science and Biotechnology, Joongbu University)
  • 이기동 (중부대학교 식품생명과학과)
  • Received : 2014.01.28
  • Accepted : 2014.03.25
  • Published : 2014.05.31

Abstract

The study investigated the roast color formation properties of ginseng upon soaking in threonine/sucrose solution followed by roasting. To determine operational parameters, including threonine concentration ($X_1$, 0.1~0.9%), sucrose concentration ($X_2$, 1.0~3.0%), and roasting temperature ($X_3$, $130{\sim}170^{\circ}C$), response surface methodology was applied to monitor color properties, including brown color intensity, Hunter's colors, and organoleptic color. Coefficients of determinations ($R^2$) of the models were above 0.8758 (P<0.05) in terms of brown color intensity and Hunter's color parameters. Brown color intensity of roasted ginseng extract was maximized in 0.70% threonine and 2.32% sucrose soaking solution under roasting conditions of 25 min at $166.03^{\circ}C$. a values of roasted ginseng were maximized in 0.74% threonine and 2.19% sucrose soaking solution under roasting conditions of $165.40^{\circ}C$. b values of roasted ginseng were maximized in 0.61% threonine and 2.28% sucrose soaking solution under roasting conditions of $159.16^{\circ}C$. The maximum organoleptic color score of roasted ginseng extract was 7.27 in 0.53% threonine and 1.01% sucrose soaking solution under roasting conditions of $146.96^{\circ}C$.

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