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전당뇨병 성인에서 나트륨 섭취와 복부비만과의 상관관계

Association between Dietary Sodium Intake and Abdominal Obesity in Pre-diabetes Korean Adults

  • 임소영 (전남대학교 식품영양학과/생활과학연구소) ;
  • 양수진 (전남대학교 식품영양학과/생활과학연구소)
  • Lim, So Young (Dept. of Food and Nutrition and Human Ecology Research Institute, Chonnam National University) ;
  • Yang, Soo Jin (Dept. of Food and Nutrition and Human Ecology Research Institute, Chonnam National University)
  • 투고 : 2014.01.16
  • 심사 : 2014.03.06
  • 발행 : 2014.05.31

초록

본 연구는 국민건강영양조사 2010년 자료를 이용하여 우리나라 만 30세 이상 성인을 대상으로 공복혈당에 따라 정상군, 전당뇨병군, 당뇨병군으로 나누어 각 군에서 나트륨 섭취량과 복부비만과의 상관성을 분석하고자 하였다. 분석 결과, 전당뇨병군에서 나트륨 섭취와 복부비만 관련 지표인 허리둘레가 유의적인 양의 상관관계를 보였으며, 특히 전당뇨병 고나트륨군의 경우 당뇨병 관련 임상지표인 공복혈당, 공복인슐린, HOMA-IR 수치가 높아질수록 복부비만 발병위험 또한 유의적으로 증가하였다. 본 연구는 당뇨병과 여러 관련 합병증으로 이행될 위험이 높은 전당뇨병 대상자에서 나트륨 섭취와 복부비만 간 상관성을 밝혔다는 점에 의의가 있다. 우리나라 전당뇨병 성인의 경우 나트륨 섭취 수준이 높다고 분석되었으므로 추후 연구에서는 전당뇨병 대상자를 위한 지속적인 나트륨 섭취량 모니터링과 함께 나트륨 섭취가 복부비만과 당뇨병에 미치는 인과관계와 그 기전을 밝힐 수 있는 연구가 필요하며, 이를 통해 당뇨병과 여러 관련 합병증의 예방 및 관리를 위한 적절한 식사지침과 효과적인 영양교육을 제시할 수 있을 것으로 사료된다.

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피인용 문헌

  1. Associations of Obesity and Dyslipidemia with Intake of Sodium, Fat, and Sugar among Koreans: a Qualitative Systematic Review vol.5, pp.4, 2016, https://doi.org/10.7762/cnr.2016.5.4.290