Relationships between Depressed Mood and Life Style Patterns in Koreans Aged 40 Years

만 40세 성인의 우울기분과 생활습관과의 관계

  • Chu, Ji Eun (Dept. of Clinical Health Sciences, Graduate School of Clinical Health Sciences, Ewha Womans University) ;
  • Lee, Heejin (Dept. of Food and Nutrition, College of Health Science, Ewha Womans University) ;
  • Yoon, Chung Ha (Korea Association of Health Promotion) ;
  • Cho, Han-Ik (Korea Association of Health Promotion) ;
  • Hwang, Ji-Yun (Nutrition Education Major, Graduate School of Education, Sangmyung University) ;
  • Park, Yoon Jung (Dept. of Clinical Health Sciences, Graduate School of Clinical Health Sciences, Ewha Womans University)
  • 추지은 (이화여자대학교 임상보건과학대학원 임상보건학과 임상영양전공) ;
  • 이희진 (이화여자대학교 건강과학대학 식품영양학과) ;
  • 윤청하 (한국건강관리협회 건강증진본부) ;
  • 조한익 (한국건강관리협회 건강증진본부) ;
  • 황지윤 (상명대학교 교육대학원 영양교육전공) ;
  • 박윤정 (이화여자대학교 임상보건과학대학원 임상보건학과 임상영양전공)
  • Received : 2014.02.03
  • Accepted : 2014.04.15
  • Published : 2014.05.31


This study aimed to investigate the relationships between depressed mood and life style patterns, including smoking, alcohol drinking, and physical inactivity in Koreans aged 40 years, which is a critical life transition period. Based on the Life Transition Period Health Examination at the Korea Association of Health Promotion conducted in 2011 (n=27,684), participants were categorized into a depressed mood group and a non-depressed mood group based on the results of the Primary Mental Health Questionnaire. The depressed mood group showed higher tendency for smoking compared to the non-depressed mood group. Current and ex-smokers were about twice as likely to have a depressed mood as the non-smokers. The prevalence of nicotine dependency was significantly higher in the depressed mood group. The number of days and amount of alcohol consumption were significantly correlated with depressed mood. The prevalence of alcohol dependence and alcohol abuse was higher in the depressed mood group than in the non-depressed mood group. The frequency of high-intensity exercise per week was negatively correlated with the number of people with a depressed mood. This study showed the significant relationships between depressed mood and smoking, alcohol drinking, and physical activity in adults during an important life transition period. This implies that the development of proper lifestyle intervention or education may be needed to prevent depressed moods in this age group.


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