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만성 및 급성 염증 모델에서 강황추출물의 효과

Anti-inflammatory Effects of Turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) Extract on Acute and Chronic Inflammation Models

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  • 정은봉 (세광에스티코퍼레이션)
  • 투고 : 2013.12.19
  • 심사 : 2014.01.16
  • 발행 : 2014.04.30

초록

본 연구에서는 강황 유래의 curcuminoids가 없는 다당체를 이용하여 급성 및 만성 염증 모델에서의 항염증 효과를 검증하고자 하였다. 급성염증에 대한 효과를 알아보기 위하여 carrageenan에 의한 족부종 유발과 xylene에 의한 귀부종 유발을 일으킨 모델을 이용하여 수행하였다. Carrageenan에 의한 족부종 유발 실험에서 강황추출물과 관절염 치료제로 알려진 diclofenac sodium을 처리하였을 때는 부종의 증가도가 낮은 것으로 나타났다($P{\leq}0.05$). 또한 다른 급성염증 모델인 xylene application 마우스 모델에서도 대조군에 비하여 diclofenac sodium과 강황추출물(31.5, 63, 126 mg/kg)을 농도별로 경구투여 하였을 때 염증 억제율이 각각 78.13%, 68.75%, 62.50% 및 59.38%로 나타나 염증 억제율이 높은 것으로 나타났다($P{\leq}0.05$). 만성염증에 대한 효과를 알아보기 위한 cotton pellet 육아종 실험에서는 대조군과 비교하여 삼출물과 염증 육아종이 적게 발생된 것으로 나타났다($P{\leq}0.05$). 따라서 강황 유래의 다당체를 경구투여 하였을 때 만성 및 급성 염증에 대한 저해활성이 있는 것으로 나타나 항염증 소재로서 개발 가능성이 있음을 제시하였다.

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