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Factors Influencing on Burden of Family Members of Intensive Care Patients : Planned Transfer to General Ward after Intensive Care

일반병동 전실예정의 중환자실 환자 가족의 부담감 영향 요인

  • 이혜숙 (순천향대학교 천안병원) ;
  • 유미애 (아주대학교 간호대학) ;
  • 이수경 (계명대학교 간호대학) ;
  • 손연정 (순천향대학교 의과대학 간호학과)
  • Received : 2014.02.13
  • Accepted : 2014.03.19
  • Published : 2014.05.28

Abstract

The aim of this study was to identify the levels of family members' burden and to describe factors influencing on famiCX*//8ly caregiver's burden when they are planned to transfer to general ward from the intensive care units (ICU). A descriptive survey was used with a convenience sampling of 101 family members of ICU patients at S university hospital in C city, Korea from August to November, 2010. The data were analyzed with SPSS 18.0 program. The level of object burden in family members had statistically significant differences with level of consciousness, number of patients' monitoring devices, and tracheostomy tube. The level of subject burden had statistically significant differences according to patients' gender, patients' education level, and relationship with patients. Transfer anxiety was showed statistically positive correlation with objective and subjective burden. We found transfer anxiety was statistically significant predictor of family caregiver's objective burden with explanatory power 12.7%. Family members' subjective burden were statistically influenced by patients' gender and transfer anxiety. These factors explained 23.8% out of total variance of family members' objective burden. The structured individualized method of transfer is recommended with further research of ICU families to further examine the dimension of transfer anxiety and how it affects family members' burden and patient outcomes.

Keywords

Intensive Care Unit;Family Caregiver;Burden;Transfer Anxiety

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