Identification of SNPs in Cellular Retinol Binding Protein 1 and Cellular Retinol Binding Protein 3 Genes and Their Associations with Laying Performance Traits in Erlang Mountainous Chicken

  • Wang, Yan (Laboratory of Animal Genetic and Breeding, Institute of Animal Genetics and Breeding, Sichuan Agricultural University) ;
  • Xiao, Li-Hua (Breed Improving Station of Livestock and Poultry of Zunyi City) ;
  • Zhao, Xiao-Ling (Laboratory of Animal Genetic and Breeding, Institute of Animal Genetics and Breeding, Sichuan Agricultural University) ;
  • Liu, Yi-Ping (Laboratory of Animal Genetic and Breeding, Institute of Animal Genetics and Breeding, Sichuan Agricultural University) ;
  • Zhu, Qing (Laboratory of Animal Genetic and Breeding, Institute of Animal Genetics and Breeding, Sichuan Agricultural University)
  • Received : 2013.09.19
  • Accepted : 2014.01.16
  • Published : 2014.08.01


CRBP1 (cellular retinol binding protein 1) and CRBP3 (cellular retinol binding protein 3), are important components of the retinoid signaling pathway and take part in vitamin A absorption, transport and metabolism. Based on the role of vitamin A in chicken laying performance, we investigated the polymorphism of CRBP1 and CRBP3 genes in 349 chickens using single strand conformation polymorphism and DNA sequencing methods. Only one polymorphism was identified in the third intron of CRBP1, two polymorphisms were detected in CRBP3; they were located in the second intron and the third intron respectively. The association studies between these three SNPs and laying performance traits were performed in Erlang mountainous chicken. Notably, the SNP g.14604G>T of CRBP1 was shown to be significantly associated with body weight at first egg (BWFE), age at first egg (AFE), weight at first egg (WFE) and total number of eggs with 300 age (EN). The CRBP3 polymorphism g.934C>G was associated with AFE, and the g.1324A>G was associated with AFE and BWFE, but none of these polymorphisms were associated with egg quality traits. Haplotype combinations constructed on these two SNPs of CRBP3 gene were associated with BWFE and AFE. In particular, diplotype H2H2 had positive effect on AFE, BWFE, EN, and average egg-laying interval. We herein describe for the first time basic research on the polymorphism of chicken CRBP1 and CRBP3 genes that is predictive of genetic potential for laying performance in chicken.


CRBP1;CRBP3;Laying Performance;Egg Quality;Gene Polymorphism;Erlang Mountainous Chicken


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