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Identification of Differentially Expressed Proteins in Liver in Response to Subacute Ruminal Acidosis (SARA) Induced by High-concentrate Diet

  • Jiang, X.Y. (College of Veterinary Medicine, Nanjing Agricultural University) ;
  • Ni, Y.D. (College of Veterinary Medicine, Nanjing Agricultural University) ;
  • Zhang, S.K. (College of Veterinary Medicine, Nanjing Agricultural University) ;
  • Zhang, Y.S. (College of Veterinary Medicine, Nanjing Agricultural University) ;
  • Shen, X.Z. (College of Veterinary Medicine, Nanjing Agricultural University)
  • Received : 2013.11.16
  • Accepted : 2014.03.04
  • Published : 2014.08.01

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate protein expression patterns of liver in response to subacute ruminal acidosis (SARA) induced by high-concentrate diet. Sixteen healthy mid-lactating goats were randomly divided into 2 groups and fed either a high-forage (HF) diet or a high-concentrate (HC) diet. The HC diet was expected to induce SARA. After ensuring the occurrence of SARA, liver samples were collected. Proteome analysis with differential in gel electrophoresis technology revealed that, 15 proteins were significantly modulated in liver in a comparison between HF and HC-fed goats. These proteins were found mainly associated with metabolism and energy transfer after identified by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization/time of flight. The results indicated that glucose, lipid and protein catabolism could be enhanced when SARA occurred. It prompted that glucose, lipid and amine acid in the liver mainly participated in oxidation and energy supply when SARA occurred, which possibly consumed more precursors involved in milk protein and milk fat synthesis. These results suggest new candidate proteins that may contribute to a better understanding of the mechanisms that mediate liver adaptation to SARA.

Keywords

Liver;Metabolism;High-concentrate;Subacute Ruminal Acidosis [SARA]

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