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Comparison of Aviary, Barn and Conventional Cage Raising of Chickens on Laying Performance and Egg Quality

  • Ahammed, M. (College of Animal Life Sciences, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Chae, B.J. (College of Animal Life Sciences, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Lohakare, J. (College of Animal Life Sciences, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Keohavong, B. (College of Animal Life Sciences, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Lee, M.H. (College of Animal Life Sciences, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Lee, S.J. (College of Animal Life Sciences, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Kim, D.M. (College of Animal Life Sciences, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Lee, J.Y. (National Institute of Animal Science) ;
  • Ohh, S.J. (College of Animal Life Sciences, Kangwon National University)
  • Received : 2013.07.05
  • Accepted : 2013.11.21
  • Published : 2014.08.01

Abstract

This study intended to compare the productive performance of three different layer raising systems; conventional cage (CC), barn (BR) and aviary (AV). The AV is welfare bestowed housing that allows free locomotion for birds within the BR. The BR allows bird's free locomotion inside BR but without multilevel structures. Both pullets and cockerels were housed together in both AV and BR, but only pullets in CC. Seventeen weeks old Lohmann Brown Lite (n = 800) pullets were housed in AV during this study. The same age layer pullets were simultaneously assigned to either at CC or BR to compare egg production performance with AV. The duration of experiment was 40 weeks (from 21st to 60th week). There were no remarkable differences in egg production, hen day egg production (HDEP) and average egg weight among three rearing systems. First 20 weeks (phase-1) average HDEP (%) of AV, CC, and BR were 85.9, 88.8, 87.1 and average egg weights (g) were 57.5, 59.9, and 56.9 respectively. Those of the remaining 20 weeks (phase-2) were 87.1, 87.9, 85.5 and 64.2, 63.0 62.1, respectively. Daily feed intakes (122 g, 110 g, 125 g); feed conversion ratio (2.4, 2.1, 2.5) and daily egg mass (53.9 g, 54.4 g, 52.8 g) data from AV, CC, and BR were not influenced significantly by the respective raising systems. Daily feed intake of layers in both AV (124 g) and BR (127 g) tended to be higher than that in CC (113 g) during phase-2. Overall, exterior egg quality (dirty and cracked eggs) in both phases was superior in BR compared with AV and CC, whereas CC generated intermediate results. This study indicated that the HDEP per se in AV and BR were not significantly different from that in CC. The study implied that the facility depreciation cost for AV and cost for increased feed intake in AV compared to CC are believed to be critical to evaluate the cost effectiveness of egg production in AV.

Keywords

Chicken Welfare;Aviary System;Poultry Housing;Productive Performance;Egg Traits

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